FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Abstract, dissertation, book

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 36 | 37 || 39 | 40 |   ...   | 58 |

«re.press Melbourne 2013 re.press PO Box 40, Prahran, 3181, Melbourne, Australia © the individual contributors and re.press ...»

-- [ Page 38 ] --

9. In her 1979 essay “Oedipal Textuality,” Cynthia Chase writes, “Sophocles’ play portrays Oedipus as the one person in history without an Oedipus complex in the conventional sense: he has murdered his father and married his mother in an appreciation of expediency rather than in satisfaction of a desire. The one person who actually enacts patricide and incest completely misses the experience—until after the fact.” “Oedipal Textuality: Reading Freud’s Reading of Oedipus,” in Diacritics 9 (Spring 1979): 53-68. This after-the-factness of his complex is, for Chase, the reason why Oedipus Tyrannus should be read in terms of Freud’s deferred action. But what is the “final act” in Oedipus’ story? The crucial, if not also the last, revision of what the figure of Oedipus stands for takes place when the last of Cadmus’ true offspring dies, and my contention in this article will be that the significance of Oedipus’ history becomes decidable only in relation to the ultimate event in the drama of his life, which is Antigone’s burial of Polynices. The act, as we shall see, is a symbolic burial of Oedipus, who dies a mysterious death at the end of Oedipus at Colonus.

10. The original French is even more emphatic in stressing the contentlessness of the corpse than the Porter translation cited above. Lacan refers to the unique value of being as beyond any content, beyond, indeed, anything good or evil: “au-delà de tous les contenus, de tout ce que Polynice a pu faire de bien et de mal, de tout ce qui peut lui être infligé.” Le Séminaire de Jacques Lacan, Livre VII: L’Ethique de la psychanalyse, 1959-1960 (Paris: Seuil, 1986), 325.

11. Serge Leclaire offers an exquisite psychoanalytic account of the “unique value” of being. See “The Dream with the Unicorn,” in Psychoanalyzing: On the Order of the Unconscious and the Practice of the Letter, trans. Peggy Kamuf (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1998), esp. 81-87.

12. Lacan, as Alenka Zupančič claims in Ethics of the Real: Kant, Lacan (London: Verso, 2000), would have seen these two values as archaic and modern forms of the same essential determination. Suffice it to indicate here that the differentiation between what we have called a singular being (the modern being-toward-death) and what will be identified later in the text as a family being (the archaic being-for-another) is crucial for understanding the ethics of the situation presented in the play.

13. Sophocles, Antigone, in Sophocles: Works, English and Greek, vol. 2, ed. and trans. Hugh Lloyd-Jones (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1994), 87-89. Subsequent references will appear parenthetically within the text.

14. As far as classical studies are concerned, Lacan’s usage of the concept of Atè is unusual, but not unique. An understanding close to the one presented by Lacan was introduced by Josef Stallmach in his 1950 dissertation Atè: Beitrag zur Frage des Selbst- und Weltverständnisses des frühgriechisAntigone’s Kind chen Menschen. The work was published as Heft 18 of Beiträge zur klassischen Philologie (Meisenheim am Glan, 1968). I have not been able to locate any information regarding Lacan’s direct or indirect knowledge of Stallmach’s work. See Leon Golden, “Hamartia, Atè, and Oedipus,” in Classical World 72 (September 1978): 3-12.

15. Luce Irigaray, Speculum of the Other Woman, trans. Gillian C. Gill (Ithaca:

Cornell University Press, 1985), 217.

16. Irigaray, Sexes and Genealogies, trans. Gillian C. Gill (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1993), 2.

17. Shepherdson, 140.

18. A typical psychoanalytic account of Oedipus does what Freud did not do himself; it reorganizes Oedipus’ story to correspond to Freud’s understanding of child sexuality. If unconscious knowledge is to mean anything, either Oedipus can have the complex retroactively, in the form of a deferred action (as argued by Chase), after he realizes who his parents were, or he cannot have it at all. When Chase concludes that Oedipus is the instance when “parrincest … becomes readable for the first time,” she repeats the common assumption that itself ignores the fact that for Freud Oedipus’ myth is a convenient example of what became readable in his self-analysis and what appeared in the analyses of his patients. Chase, 58.

19. See Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus, in Sophocles: Works, English and Greek, vol. 1, ed. and trans. Hugh Lloyd-Jones (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1994), 429-431. Subsequent references will appear parenthetically within the text.

20. The two other instances in which haima appears in Oedipus Tyrannus refer to Lauis’ blood, spilled by Oedipus. One is the prophecy that Oedipus relates to the Messenger, that he would “spill my father’s blood [patroon haima] with my own hand” (425). The second is the confirmation of the prophecy: “O three roads, hidden glade, coppice and narrow path where three ways meet, ways that drank my own, my father’s blood [toumon haima] shed by my hands” (471). The second instance also carries the sense that Oedipus has, literally, shed his own blood. In Antigone, Creon identifies Polynices’ attack on Thebes as the spilling of his own blood. He says that Polynices came back from exile to the land of his fathers and the gods of his race to feed on the blood of his own kind (haimatos koinou). See Antigone, 21.

21. Pucci, 9.

22. Ibid.

23. Butler, 45.

24. The fact that the Oedipus complex only “appears as that which is everyPenumbra where true” does not, for Lacan, lessen the hold of the father figure, but increases it. As “factually” true, the Oedipus complex would be a natural law (a biological fact, we might say), with as little symbolic consequence for a family as gravity has. The complex would be a given and not a matter of the economy of the truth—not the grounding myth of this economy.

25. Butler, 45.

26. I would also include Zupančič’s reading of Oedipus in her book Ethics of the Real. She says, for instance, “he [Oedipus] travels the path of initiation (of ‘symbolization’) in reverse and, in so doing, he experiences and demonstrates the radical contingency of the Meaning borne by the symbolic.” If the difference between Polybus and Laius were, indeed, one of contingency, and not one of status, we would not need to disagree with Zupančič’s account. But the question is not, as Zupančič seems to think, whether or not “the Father,” the superman of our fantasies, the king of Thebes, “is also the father (a man with all his weaknesses).” The paternity in question is much more precise: why is it that even “a man with all his weaknesses” can be Oedipus’ Father, but Polybus cannot? Zupančič goes so far as to suggest that Oedipus is not guilty. Of course he is. He is guilty because he identifies Laius with the father from the prophecy. Zupančič, 193.

27. Voicing a common assumption, Chase claims that “the drama of Oedipus is his [Freud’s] most recurrent and insistent reference” (54). Yet, since Oedipus is, in fact, a rare reference for Freud, when Chase has to explain what Oedipus’ “psychoneurosis” is, she has to map him onto another of Freud’s cases and draw the implications for Oedipus’ unusual and not thoroughly considered (by Freud) situation. The Concordance lists only one instance in The Standard Edition where Freud discusses Oedipus and Sophocles’ drama—the famous passage in The Interpretation of Dreams. In all other instances, and there are fewer than one would think, the complex carrying the name of the mythological father is a shorthand for a theory of sexuality that Freud formulated independently from the tragedy and the myth.

28. Sigmund Freud, The Interpretation of Dreams in The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, ed. and trans. James Strachey et al. (London: Hogarth, 1953-1974), 4:262.

29. Ibid., 261-262; emphasis added.

30. Chase, 58.

The Aim of the Analytic Act Colette Soler

What is promised as an end of analysis?1 This question has been present from the beginning of psychoanalysis. Is it to cure what Freud called the “illness” of neurosis, that is, to reduce the dissidence of the symptom and reestablish “normality”—and, in particular, sexual “normality”? Freud was not far from this idea when he claimed that the capacity to love and work were the best we could hope to obtain, as well as when he ironically explained that the goal was to transform neurotic misfortune into common misfortune. Lacan, on the contrary, when interrogating the end of analysis in 1968, claimed that the aim was to produce an incurable subject. But in 1975, in contrast, he linked the end of analysis with identification with the symptom. It is this apparent change of perspective that I will investigate.


Psychoanalysis, via Freud and Lacan, has produced the formula for the sexual illness of mankind. Due to the unconscious, “there is no such thing as a sexual relationship.” With this thesis, the status of the symptom is altered, and consequently the status of the therapeutic act. Let me follow this thread.

The thesis that the unconscious is structured like a language, and the symptom as a message, or metaphor, was suggested by Freudian technique.

But as Lacan never ceased to re-elaborate in his later years, with the unconscious understood as the “treasure of the drive”—which implies a wedding of the signifier and the living being—the symptom is the response of jouissance. Thus, Lacan came to the point where he recaptured the fundamental Freudian thesis: the symptom is a mode of satisfaction. It can be deciphered like a message, but it is not only a way of speaking, but above all it is a way of enjoying. This is why, years ago, I did not hesitate to evoke Lacan’s second step as a “second return to Freud.”2 The language of the symptom is, so to speak, incarnated, embodied; it organizes and regulates jouissance. Even further, the unconscious is made real through jouissance. Hence the surprising formula from Encore: “The real, I will say, is the mystery of the speaking body, 190 Penumbra the mystery of the unconscious.”3 In psychoanalysis, however, therapeutic effects testify to the grasp of language on what is most real in symptomatic disorders; one verifies that the least verbal of symptoms (anxiety, somatization, thought disturbances) can be transformed by the sole means of language. The curious docility of the symptom in an analytic session supports this conception of the unconscious.

Freud thus confronted the following problem: how can a mode of jouissance that is so self-centered, even autistic, come to be reconciled with the relationship of desire and love for another body, which is obviously necessary for the constitution of the sexual couple, whatever it may be, but especially of the heterosexual couple? The discovery of the drive, far from leading to pansexualism, rather posed the question, from its very origin, of the libido that was apt to sustain the sexual link. If Freud opened this perspective, he did not carry it to its logical conclusion. To answer the question, finally, he has nothing to offer but his elaboration of the Oedipus complex, with the various identifications that it entails. With this, he tried to explain one thing and its reverse, I mean the norm of heterosexual desire and what differs from it. And when he admitted that he did not know, it was the concept of “constitution”—that is, nature—so often referred to by him, that remained his last resort. I certainly realize that Freud’s texts are always more subtle than the mere enunciation of his theses and that the number of nuances with which he corrects each of them defies any easy summary. Nonetheless, after having clearly located the link between the symptom and sex—and it is precisely on this point that he broke decisively with Jung—Freud turned the symptom into an anomaly of the sexual, more precisely a distorted substitute of the socalled normal sexual satisfaction. Hence, in this case, it was obvious that the symptom could only be conceived within the sphere of an individual pathology of jouissance.

It must be said that this point of view is strongly suggested by the most elementary clinical experience of hearing the subject’s complaint. A symptom is presented to the analyst as that which does not stop imposing itself.

Whether it is in the form of not being able to refrain from certain thoughts or from a feeling in the body, or from experiencing certain troubling affects, a symptom is experienced as a disturbance, an anomaly, a deviation or constraint. In this respect, the only difference between the patient and Freud is that the former does not immediately perceive the symptom’s sexual implications, although from the very beginning, transference makes him aware of the incidence of the unconscious.

The primary affect of the symptom as dysfunction is a fact no clinician could deny, Lacan no more than any other. But what does psychoanalysis reveal when it deals with the “psychology of the love life,” in both its happy and unhappy forms, if not this: the unconscious is captain of the ship, presiding over what we call the mysteries of love, specifically over the choice of object The Aim of the Analytic Act insofar as it causes desire and/or jouissance. To put it in another way, the love partner, in the sexual sense of the term, and more generally any partner inscribed in a social link, is no less a product of the unconscious, no less coded than an obsession or a somatization. Thus between a man and a woman, and more generally between any two bodies, the unconscious is present, simultaneously separating and linking them. Freud perceived this when he exposed the fact that both love life and group formations are produced by repetitive choices. Repetition means that it is not all women that interest a man, but only some, that is, those who are linked with his unconscious. In other words, there is no such thing as sexual “instinct.”


The general formula could be stated as follows: if there is no such thing as a sexual relationship, there is the symptom. The symptom is a substitute built from the unconscious.

Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 36 | 37 || 39 | 40 |   ...   | 58 |

Similar works:

«Save As Animal Farm Worksheet Answers with easy. Then You can Read eBook Animal Farm Worksheet Answers file for free ANIMAL FARM WORKSHEET ANSWERS PDF Download: ANIMAL FARM WORKSHEET ANSWERS PDF Digital document ANIMAL FARM WORKSHEET ANSWERS File update. So you are person who likes to download animal farm worksheet answers Pdf to any kind of device,whether its your laptop, Kindle or iPhone, there are more options now than ever before. Perhaps because of the growing popularity of Advanced...»

«100 for his/her school's success. Using standardized interview protocols ensured that detailed information was collected from each school leader about each of the four research areas: budgets, staffing, curriculum and instruction, and school culture. In addition, standardizing the questions across schools helped to ensure that it would be possible to compare school leader perspectives across the three schools about each research area. For example, all the school leaders were asked to answer the...»

«PK: Hannes Androsch Preis 2011 / 5. Mai 2011 / ÖAW PRESSEKONFERENZ Hannes Androsch Preis 2011 Der Hannes Androsch Preis 2011 geht an Markus Knell für seine Arbeit Pay-As-You-Go a Relict from the Past or a Promise for the Future (Das Umlageverfahren Relikt der Vergangenheit oder Weg für die Zukunft?). Der Preis wurde von der Hannes Androsch Stiftung bei der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (ÖAW) ausgeschrieben. Er ist mit 100.000 Euro dotiert. Termin: Donnerstag, 5. Mai 2011,...»

«Editorial Board Ao. Univ. Prof. Dr. Thomas Bechtold Universität Innsbruck, Institute of Textile Chemistry and Textile Physics, Austria DDr. Haio Harms Kelheim Fibres GmbH, Germany Univ. Prof. Dr. Paul Kosma University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry, Vienna, Austria Univ. Prof. Dr. Herbert Sixta Aalto University, Department of Forest Products Technology, Espoo, Finland Univ. Prof. Dr. Alfred Teischinger University of Natural Resources and Applied Life...»

«2014 Annual Report take our performance to the determined not to skip a Meg Whitman Dear Stockholders, Year in Review $12.3B Separation Hewlett-Packard Enterprise HP Inc. Accelerating Innovation $5.9B HP Helion HP Apollo Converged Storage HP 3PAR StoreServ system HP ProLiant Gen 9 Servers Blended Reality Ecosystem Sprout by HP HP Multi Jet Fusion HP HAVEn OnDemand The Machine $3.9B The Year Ahead HP Board of Directors Marc L. Andreessen Rajiv L. Gupta Shumeet Banerji Klaus Kleinfeld Robert R....»

«Wohnen und innerstädtische Segregation von Migranten in Deutschland WorkingPaper WorkingPaper Working Paper 21 Wder Forschungsgruppe g P a p e r orkin Wdes Bundesamtes n g P a p e r orki W o r k i n g erschienen 2008 r Pape W der Reihe „Integrationsreport“,p e r aus o r k i n g P a Teil 4 Lena Friedrich Wohnen und innerstädtische Segregation von Migranten in Deutschland Working Paper 21 Wohnen und innerstädtische Segregation von Migranten in Deutschland Zentrale Ergebnisse 1. Wohnen...»

«Eine existenziell bedeutsame Form der Vertragsabsicherung antiker Rechtskulturen? Eine vergleichende Studie zur rechtssymbolischen Bedeutung der Geschlechtsteile1 Clemens GEELHAAR und Philipp SCHEIBELREITER (Universität Wien) Der etwas provokant anmutende Titel der vorliegenden Arbeit soll Beobachtungen in den Mittelpunkt rücken, die anhand einer speziellen griechischen Form der Eidbesicherung gemacht wurden. Diese ist Ausgangspunkt für den Rechtsvergleich mit altorientalisch – semitischem...»

«www.markswatson.com Seven Churches Light For Seeing, Ears For Hearing As we move into the these difficult times at the end of the age, I think it  meet we begin to discuss the state of the Church. It is John's Revelation that  talks extensively about the end time system, the judgments of God and the  final act of redemption of those who place their full and unreserved faith in ...»

«3.3 CLIENT MAINTENANCE VIEWING, CREATING AND AMENDING COMPLEX CLIENT DETAILS Australian Customs Service 5 Constitution Avenue Canberra ACT 2601 Telephone: 1300 558 099 Facsimile: 02 6122 5534 © Commonwealth of Australia 2004 This work is copyright. Apart from any use as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, no part may be reproduced by any process without prior written permission from the Australian Customs Service. Requests and enquiries concerning reproduction rights should be addressed to...»

«TECHNICAL Reports 2014|14 Die Metadateneditoren der VFU soeb 3 Uwe Jensen, Stefan Schweers, Zeljko Carevic GESIS-Technical Reports 2014|14 Die Metadateneditoren der VFU soeb 3 Uwe Jensen, Stefan Schweers, Zeljko Carevic GESIS – Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften 2014 GESIS-Technical Reports GESIS – Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften Unter Sachsenhausen 6-8 50667 Köln Telefon: (0221) 476 94 0 Telefax: (0221) 476 94 199 E-Mail: uwe.jensen@gesis.org ISSN: 1868-9043 (Print)...»

«J-S04005-13 2013 PA Super 73 COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA, IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF PENNSYLVANIA Appellee v.ROBERT STEVENSON, Appellant No. 1176 EDA 2011 Appeal from the Judgment of Sentence October 19, 2010 In the Court of Common Pleas of Delaware County Criminal Division at No(s): CP-23-CR-0001382-2005 BEFORE: STEVENS, P.J., GANTMAN, J., and LAZARUS, J. OPINION BY STEVENS, P.J. Filed: April 5, 2013 Appellant, Robert Stevenson, files this appeal from the judgment of sentence entered in the...»

«No 51 Less Pain at the Pump? The Effects of Regulatory Interventions in Retail Gasoline Markets Ralf Dewenter, Ulrich Heimeshoff May 2012         IMPRINT    DICE DISCUSSION PAPER    Published by  Heinrich‐Heine‐Universität Düsseldorf, Department of Economics, Düsseldorf Institute for  Competition Economics (DICE), Universitätsstraße 1, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany     Editor:    Prof. Dr. Hans‐Theo Normann ...»

<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.abstract.xlibx.info - Free e-library - Abstract, dissertation, book

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.