«Peter Löscher, Vorsitzender des Vorstands Joe Kaeser, Finanzvorstand Siemens AG München, 28. Juli 2011 Schutzvermerk / Copyright-Vermerk ...»
Adjusted EBITDA is included in the ratio of adjusted industrial net debt to adjusted EBITDA, a measure of our capital structure. Measures similar to adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBIT are also broadly used by analysts, rating agencies and investors to assess the performance of a company. Accordingly, Siemens believes that the presentation of adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBIT provides useful information to investors. For further information regarding the ratio of adjusted industrial net debt to adjusted EBITDA, see “—Adjusted industrial net debt.” Adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBIT at the Sector level Siemens also presents adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBIT on the Sector level on a continuing basis. Siemens defines adjusted EBITDA on the Sector level as adjusted EBIT before amortization (which in turn is defined as Amortization and impairments of intangible assets other than goodwill) and Depreciation and impairment of property, plant and equipment and goodwill on the Sector level. Siemens defines adjusted EBIT on the Sector level as Profit as presented in the Segment Information less Other financial income (expense), net, plus Interest expense, less Interest income, as well as less Income (loss) from investments accounted for using the equity method, net.
Accordingly, we believe that reporting adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBIT on a segment level enhances the ability of investors to compare performance across segments.
Adjusted EBITDA margins at the Sector level Siemens defines adjusted EBITDA margins on the Sector level as the ratio of adjusted EBITDA to revenue (as presented in the “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements”). Siemens intends to maintain and further improve the profitability of its businesses and to achieve margins on the level of the best competitors in our industries – throughout the complete business cycle. Accordingly, within One Siemens we defined adjusted EBITDA margin ranges for the respective industries of our three Sectors.
Siemens believes that the presentation of adjusted EBITDA margins as a part of One Siemens provides useful information on how successfully Siemens operated in its markets and enhances the ability of investors to compare profitability across segments.
Earnings effect from purchase price allocation The purchase price paid for an acquired business is allocated to the assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities acquired based on their fair values. The fair value step-ups result in an earnings effect over time, e.g. additional amortization of fair value step-ups of intangible assets, which is defined as PPA effects.
Siemens believes that the presentation of PPA effects provides useful information to investors as it allows investors to consider earnings impacts related to business combination accounting in the performance analysis.
Net debt Siemens defines net debt as total debt less total liquidity. Total debt is defined as Short-term debt and current maturities of long-term debt plus Long-term debt. Total liquidity is defined as Cash and cash equivalents plus current Available-forsale financial assets. Each of these components appears in the Consolidated Statements of Financial Position. The IFRS financial measure most directly comparable to net debt is the total of Short-term debt and current maturities of long-term debt and Long-term debt as reported in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
Siemens believes that the presentation of net debt provides useful information to investors because its management reviews net debt as part of its management of Siemens’ overall liquidity, financial flexibility, capital structure and leverage. In particular, net debt is an important component of adjusted industrial net debt. Furthermore, certain debt rating agencies, creditors and credit analysts monitor Siemens’ net debt as part of their assessments of Siemens’ business.
Adjusted industrial net debt Within One Siemens, we manage adjusted industrial net debt as one component of our capital. Siemens defines adjusted industrial net debt as net debt less SFS Debt; less 50% of the nominal amount of our hybrid bond, plus Pension plans and similar commitments (as presented in the “Consolidated Financial Statements”), plus credit guarantees; and less fair value hedge accounting adjustments. The adjustment for our hybrid bond considers the calculation of this financial ratio applied by rating agencies to classify 50% of our hybrid bond as equity and 50% as debt. This assignment follows the characteristics of our hybrid bond such as a long maturity date and subordination to all senior and debt obligations. Debt is generally reported with a value representing approximately the amount to be repaid. However for debt designated in a hedging relationship (fair value hedges), this amount is adjusted by changes in market value mainly due to changes in interest rates. Accordingly, we deduct these changes in market value in order to end up with an amount of debt that approximately will be repaid, which we believe is a more meaningful figure for the calculation. For further information on fair value hedges see, “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” in the Annual Report. Further information concerning adjusted industrial net debt can be found in Item 5: “Operating and financial review and prospects – Liquidity and capital resources – Capital structure” in the Annual Report or in “Liquidity, capital resources and requirements” within “Interim group management report” in the Interim Report.
A key consideration in managing our capital structure is the maintenance of ready access to the capital markets through various debt products and the preservation of our ability to repay and service our debt obligations over time. In order to assist it in managing its business and achieving these goals. Siemens has therefore set a capital structure target that is measured by adjusted industrial net debt divided by adjusted EBITDA. We believe that adopting a metric comparing our earnings-based performance relative to our indebtedness (“leverage”) assists us in managing our business to achieve these goals. We have selected adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations as the performance element of the metric because we believe our earnings-based performance is a key determinant of the willingness of lenders to provide us with debt on favorable conditions and our ability to meet our debt obligations in future periods.
Siemens believes that using the ratio of adjusted industrial net debt to adjusted EBITDA as a measure of its capital structure provides useful information to investors because management uses it to manage our debt-equity ratio in order to promote access to debt financing instruments in the capital markets and our ability to meet scheduled debt service obligations.
Limitations on the usefulness of Siemens’ supplemental financial measures
The supplemental financial measures reported by Siemens may be subject to limitations as analytical tools. In particular:
With respect to new orders and order backlog: In particular, new order reporting for the current period may include adjustments to new orders added in previous quarters of the current fiscal year and prior fiscal years (except for cancellations). Order backlog is based on firm commitments which may be cancelled in future periods. There is no standard system for compiling and calculating new orders and order backlog information that applies across companies.
Accordingly, Siemens’ new orders and order backlog may not be comparable with new orders and order backlog as reported by other companies. Siemens subjects its new orders and its order backlog to internal documentation and review requirements. Siemens may change its policies for recognizing new orders and order backlog in the future without prior notice.
With respect to adjusted or organic growth rates of revenue and new orders: These measures are not adjusted for other effects, such as increases or decreases in prices or quantity/volume.
With respect to book-to-bill ratio: The use of this measure is inherently limited by the fact that it is a ratio and thus does not provide information as to the absolute number of orders received by Siemens or the absolute amount of products and services shipped and billed by it.
With respect to Total Sectors Profit: Profit of Equity Investments, SFS, Centrally managed portfolio activities, Siemens Real Estate, Corporate items and pensions as well as of Eliminations, Corporate Treasury and other reconciling items can have a material impact on Siemens’ Income from continuing operations in any given period. In addition, Total Sectors Profit does not eliminate profit earned by one Sector on intragroup transactions with another Sector.
With respect to ROE (after tax): as defined and as reported in the “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements,” SFS Profit after tax (used in the numerator) may exclude certain items not considered performance indicative by management. The relevant income taxes used to derive SFS Profit after tax are calculated by applying an assumed flat tax rate to SFS Profit, excluding Income (loss) from investments accounted for using the equity method, which are net of tax already, and tax-free income components derived from financing products. Accordingly, the actual amount of income taxes payable is likely to vary from the amount calculated by means of this simplified procedure. In addition, the use of ROE (after tax) is inherently limited by the fact that it is a ratio and thus does not provide information as to the absolute amount of Siemens’ income.
With respect to ROCE (adjusted): The use of this measure is inherently limited by the fact that it is a ratio and thus does not provide information as to the absolute amount of Siemens’ income.
With respect to Free cash flow and CCR: Free cash flow is not a measure of cash generated by operations that is available exclusively for discretionary expenditures. This is, because in addition to capital expenditures needed to maintain or grow its business, Siemens requires cash for a wide variety of non-discretionary expenditures, such as interest and principal payments on outstanding debt, dividend payments or other operating expenses. In addition, the use of CCR is inherently limited by the fact that it is a ratio and thus does not provide information about the amount of Siemens’ Free cash flow or cash generated by operations.
With respect to adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBIT and adjusted EBITDA margins: As adjusted EBITDA excludes non-cash items such as depreciation, amortization and impairment, it does not reflect the expense associated with, and accordingly the full economic effect of, the loss in value of Siemens’ assets over time. Similarly, neither adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBIT nor adjusted EBITDA margins reflects the impact of Other financial income (expense), net, Interest expense, Interest income, Income (loss) from investments accounted for using the equity method, net and Income taxes.
With respect to PPA effects: The fact that these effects are stated separately does not mean that they do not impact profit of the relevant segment in the “Consolidated Financial Statements.” With respect to net debt and the ratio of adjusted industrial net debt to adjusted EBITDA: Siemens typically uses a considerable portion of its cash, cash equivalents and available-for-sale financial assets at any given time for purposes other than debt reduction. Therefore, the fact that these items are excluded from net debt does not mean that they are used exclusively for debt repayment. The use of the ratio adjusted industrial net debt to adjusted EBITDA is inherently limited by the fact that it is a ratio.
Compensation for limitations associated with Siemens’ supplemental financial measures Information regarding the quantitative reconciliation of each supplemental financial measure to the most directly comparable IFRS financial measures is available on Siemens’ Investor Relations website at www.siemens.com/nonGAAP.
Siemens encourages investors to review these reconciliations carefully.