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«Peter Löscher, Vorsitzender des Vorstands Joe Kaeser, Finanzvorstand Siemens AG München, 28. Juli 2011 Schutzvermerk / Copyright-Vermerk ...»

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Siemens presents its Consolidated Financial Statements in euros; however, a significant proportion of the operations of its Sectors and Divisions takes place in a functional currency other than the euro and is therefore subject to foreign currency translation effects. Converting figures from these currencies into euros affects the comparability of Siemens’ results and financial position when the exchange rates for these currencies fluctuate. Some businesses are significantly affected due to the large proportion of international operations, particularly in the U.S. In addition, the effect of acquisitions and dispositions on Siemens’ consolidated revenues affects the comparability of the Consolidated Financial Statements between different periods.

The adjusted or organic growth rates of revenue and new orders, as the case may be, are calculated by subtracting currency translation effects and portfolio effects from the relevant actual growth rates. The currency translation effect is calculated as (1) (a) revenues or new orders, as the case may be, for the current period, based on the currency exchange rate of the current period minus (b) revenues or new orders for the current period, based on the currency exchange rate of the previous period, divided by (2) revenues or new orders for the previous period, based on the currency exchange rate of the previous period. The portfolio effect is calculated, in the case of acquisitions, as the percentage change in revenues or new orders, as the case may be, attributable to the acquired business and, in the case of dispositions, as the percentage change in revenues or new orders on the assumption that the disposed business had not been part of Siemens in the previous period. Portfolio effects are always considered in the calculation of adjusted or organic growth rates for a period of twelve months. Siemens is making portfolio adjustments for certain carve-in and carve-out transactions, as well as for other minor transactions and reclassifications in the segments. For further information regarding major acquisitions and dispositions, see “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” in the Annual Report or in the Interim Report.

Siemens believes that the presentation of an adjusted or organic growth rate of revenue and new orders provides useful information to investors because a meaningful analysis of trends in revenue and new orders from one period to the next requires comparable data and therefore an understanding of the developments in the operational business net of the impact of currency translation and portfolio effects. Siemens’ management considers adjusted or organic rates of growth in its management of Siemens’ business. For this reason, Siemens believes that investors’ ability to assess Siemens’ overall performance may be improved by disclosure of this information.

Book-to-bill ratio The book-to-bill ratio measures the relationship between orders received and the amount of products and services shipped and billed. A book-to-bill ratio of above 1 indicates that more orders were received than billed, indicating stronger demand, whereas a book-to-bill ratio of below 1 points to weaker demand. The book-to-bill ratio is not required or defined by IFRS.

Total Sectors Profit Siemens uses Total Sectors Profit to measure the sum of Profit of the three Sectors Industry, Energy and Healthcare. Profit of the Sectors is earnings before financing interest, certain pension costs and income taxes. Certain other items not considered performance indicative by management may be excluded. Profit or loss for each reportable segment is the measure reviewed by the chief operating decision maker in accordance with IFRS 8, “Operating Segments.” The IFRS financial measure most directly comparable to Total Sectors Profit is Income from continuing operations.

Siemens believes that investors’ ability to assess Siemens’ overall performance may be improved by disclosure of Total Sectors Profit as a measure of the operational performance of the three Sectors representing the core industrial activities of Siemens.

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Return on equity (after tax), or ROE (after tax) In line with common practice in the financial services industry, Financial Services, or SFS uses return on equity (after tax), or ROE (after tax), as one of its key (after tax) profitability measures. Starting with fiscal 2011, we define ROE (after tax) as SFS Profit after tax (annualized for purposes of interim reporting), divided by SFS average allocated equity. SFS Profit as reported in the Segment Information is defined as Income before income taxes, or IBIT. For purposes of calculating ROE (after tax), however, the relevant income taxes are calculated on a simplified basis, by applying an assumed flat tax rate of 30% to SFS Profit, excluding Income (loss) from investments accounted for using the equity method, net, which is basically net of tax already, and tax-free income components and other components which have already been taxed or are basically tax free. The allocated equity for SFS is determined and influenced by the size and quality of its portfolio of commercial finance assets (primarily leases and loans) and equity investments. This allocation is designed to cover the risks of the underlying business and is in line with common credit risk management standards in banking and applicable regulatory requirements, respectively. The actual risk of the SFS portfolio is evaluated and controlled monthly and is reflected in the quarterly (commercial finance) and annual (equity investments) adjustments of allocated equity.





ROE (after tax) is reported only for the SFS segment. Siemens believes that the presentation of ROE (after tax) and average allocated equity provides useful information to investors because management uses ROE (after tax) as a supplement to Siemens’ Consolidated Financial Statements in evaluating the business performance of SFS, and therefore the measure could assist investors in assessing Siemens’ overall performance.

ROCE (adjusted) Return on capital employed (adjusted), or ROCE (adjusted), is Siemens’ measure of capital efficiency and sustainable value creation. Siemens presents ROCE (adjusted) at the Siemens group level and uses this financial performance ratio in order to assess its income generation from the point of view of its shareholders and creditors, who provide Siemens with equity and debt. Siemens believes that the presentation of ROCE (adjusted) and the various supplemental financial measures involved in its calculation provides useful information to investors because ROCE (adjusted) can be used to determine whether capital invested in the Company yields competitive returns. In addition, achievement of predetermined targets relating to ROCE (adjusted) is one of the factors Siemens takes into account in determining the amount of performance-based compensation received by its management.

ROCE (adjusted) at the Siemens group level on a continuing operations basis Income from continuing operations before interest after tax, the numerator in the ROCE (adjusted) (continuing operations) calculation, is defined as Income from continuing operations, excluding Other interest income (expense), net (but not Other interest income (expense) of SFS) (both as reported in “Consolidated Financial Statements” or in the “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” in the Annual Report or Interim Report), and excluding interest cost on Pension plans and similar commitments and taxes thereon. SFS Other income (expense) is included in Other interest income (expense), net. Adding back SFS Other income (expense) in the numerator corresponds to the adjustment for SFS debt in the denominator. For fiscal 2011 and 2010, interest cost on Pension plans and similar commitments is calculated using the weighted average discount rate of our principal pension benefit plans at period-end for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2010 (4.2%) and for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2009 (5.3%) (both as reported in “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” in the Annual Report 2010) applied to Pension plans and similar commitments as reported in the “Consolidated Statements of Financial Position” as of September 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Pension plans and similar commitments primarily represents the funded status of pension plans and other post-employment benefits as well as the liabilities for other long-term post-employment benefits and for deferred compensation.

Average capital employed (continuing operations), or CE (continuing operations), the denominator in the ROCE (adjusted) calculation, is defined as the average of Total equity plus Long-term debt, plus Short-term debt and current maturities of long-term debt, less Cash and cash equivalents, plus Pension plans and similar commitments, less SFS Debt, less Fair value hedge accounting adjustment and less Assets classified as held for disposal presented as discontinued operations, net of Liabilities associated with assets held for disposal presented as discontinued operations. For further information on fair value hedges, see “Adjusted industrial net debt” within this document and “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” in the Annual Report. Each of the components of capital employed appears on the face of the “Consolidated Statements of Financial Position” or in the “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” or in the relevant tables of Item 5: “Operating and financial review and prospects” in the Annual Report or in the “Interim group management report” of the Interim Report.

ROCE (adjusted) at the Siemens group level on a continuing and discontinued operations basis Siemens also presents group ROCE (adjusted) on a continuing and discontinued operations basis. For this purpose, the numerator is Income before interest after tax and the denominator is CE (continuing operations) plus Assets classified as held for disposal presented as discontinued operations, net of Liabilities associated with assets held for disposal presented as discontinued operations.

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Free cash flow and cash conversion rate Siemens defines Free cash flow as Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities less Additions to intangible assets and property, plant and equipment. The IFRS financial measure most directly comparable to Free cash flow is Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities.

Siemens believes that the presentation of Free cash flow provides useful information to investors because it is a measure of cash generated by our operations after deducting cash outflows for Additions to intangible assets and property, plant and equipment. Therefore, the measure gives an indication of the long-term cash generating ability of our business. In addition, because Free cash flow is not impacted by portfolio activities, it is less volatile than the total of Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities and Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities. For this reason, Free cash flow is reported on a regular basis to Siemens’ management, who uses it to assess and manage cash generation among the various reportable segments of Siemens and for the worldwide Siemens group. Achievement of predetermined targets relating to Free cash flow generation is one of the factors Siemens takes into account in determining the amount of performance-based compensation received by its management, both at the level of the worldwide Siemens group and at the level of individual reportable segments.

Cash conversion rate, or CCR, is defined as Free cash flow divided by Net income. Siemens believes that the presentation of the CCR provides useful information to investors because it is an operational performance measure that shows how much of its income Siemens converts into Free cash flow. CCR is reported on a regular basis to Siemens’ management.

Adjusted EBITDA, adjusted EBIT and adjusted EBITDA margins

Adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBIT at the Siemens group level Siemens reports adjusted EBITDA and adjusted EBIT on a continuing basis. Siemens defines adjusted EBITDA as adjusted EBIT before amortization (which in turn is defined as Amortization and impairments of intangible assets other than goodwill) and Depreciation and impairment of property, plant and equipment and goodwill. Siemens defines adjusted EBIT as Income from continuing operations before income taxes less Other financial income (expense), net, plus Interest expense, less Interest income, as well as less Income (loss) from investments accounted for using the equity method, net. Each of the components of adjusted EBIT appears on the face of the “Consolidated Financial Statements,” and each of the additional components of adjusted EBITDA appears in the “Consolidated Financial Statements” in the Annual Report or Interim Report and in “—Reconciliation to adjusted EBITDA (continuing operations)” within Item 5: “Operating and financial review and prospects” of the Annual Report on Form 20-F, within “Interim group management report” in the Interim Report or within this document for the current quarter.

We disclose adjusted EBITDA and EBIT as supplemental non-GAAP financial performance measures, as we believe they are useful metrics by which to compare the performance of our business from period to period. We understand that these measures are broadly used by analysts, rating agencies and investors in assessing our performance. The IFRS financial measure most directly comparable to adjusted EBIT and adjusted EBITDA is Net income.



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