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«Über Gegenwartsliteratur Interpretationen und Interventionen Festschrift für Paul Michael Lützeler zum 65. Geburtstag von ehemaligen StudentInnen ...»

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Leseprobe

Über Gegenwartsliteratur

Interpretationen und Interventionen

Festschrift für Paul Michael Lützeler

zum 65. Geburtstag von ehemaligen StudentInnen

Herausgegeben von Mark W. Rectanus

About Contemporary Literature

Interpretations and Interventions

A Festschrift for Paul Michael Lützeler

on his 65th Birthday from former Students

Edited by Mark W. Rectanus

AISTHESIS VERLAG

––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– Bielefeld 2008

Abbildung auf dem Umschlag:

Paul Klee: Roter Ballon, 1922, 179.

Ölfarbe auf Grundierung auf Nesseltuch auf Karton, 31,7 x 31,1 cm.

Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York.

© VG BILD-KUNST, Bonn 2008 Bibliographische Information Der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek verzeichnet diese Publikation in der Deutschen Nationalbibliographie; detaillierte bibliographische Daten sind im Internet über http://dnb.ddb.de abrufbar.

© Aisthesis Verlag Bielefeld 2008 Postfach 10 04 27, D-33504 Bielefeld Satz: Germano Wallmann, www.geisterwort.de Druck: docupoint GmbH, Magdeburg Alle Rechte vorbehalten ISBN 978-3-89528-679-7 www.aisthesis.de Inhaltsverzeichnis/Table of Contents Danksagung/Acknowledgments

Mark W. Rectanus Introduction: About Contemporary Literature

Leslie A. Adelson Experiment Mars: Contemporary German Literature, Imaginative Ethnoscapes, and the New Futurism

Gregory W. Baer Der Film zum Krug: A Filmic Adaptation of Kleist’s Der zerbrochne Krug in the GDR

Hester Baer Frauenliteratur ‘After Feminism’: Rereading Contemporary Women’s Writing

Stefan Börnchen Derselbe Krieg mit anderen Mitteln? De Man, Derrida und die Dekonstruktion in Bernhard Schlinks Roman Die Heimkehr 87 Claudia Breger Moral Play? Poetics, Ethics and Politics in Juli Zeh’s Spieltrieb.... 105 David Colclasure Habermas and the Genre-Distinction between Philosophy and Literature

Sabine von Dirke Sleepless in the New Economy: Money, Unemployment and Identity in the Literature of Generation Golf

Friederike Eigler Zur Repräsentation traumatischer Orte in Texten von Dieter Forte, Ruth Klüger und Stephan Wackwitz................ 157 Walter Erhart „Schreib den Roman deiner Generation“ – Thomas Braschs Mädchenmörder Brunke (1999) und die Dialektik der Aufklärung... 175 Veronika Fuechtner From Ultradoitsh to Siegfriedisch: The Problem of a Multicultural Literature in Zé do Rock’s Orthographies............ 193 Nele Hempel-Lamer Die Frau als Mutter und die Mutter als Frau im Erzählwerk von Birgit Vanderbeke

Thomas Kniesche Hilsenrath’s Humor

Daniel L. Medin Simply Made Up? Franz Kafka in W.G. Sebald’s Dr. K.s Badereise nach Riva

Karen Remmler Traversing Home Territory: Cultures of Memory in W.G. Sebald’s and Ingeborg Bachmann’s Writing

Mary Rodena-Krasan Postcolonial Subversions in Uwe Timm’s Morenga

Gary Schmidt Sublime Melancholy: The Function of the Homoerotic in Sebald’s Die Ausgewanderten

Carrie Smith-Prei Masculinities in Trauma: Dieter Wellershoff’s 1960s Writings and New Left Psychology

Sebastian Wogenstein ‘Leute in echt’ – Contemporary Literature and Playing with Authenticity

Paul Michael Lützeler Biographie/Biography

Paul Michael Lützeler Verzeichnis der Buchpublikationen/List of Book Publications..... 355 Über die Autorinnen und Autoren/About the Authors

Register der im Text behandelten Schriftstellerinnen und Schriftsteller/Index of Writers Discussed in the Text

Mark W. Rectanus Introduction: About Contemporary Literature In his foreword to the first volume of Gegenwartsliteratur: Ein germanistisches Jahrbuch, Paul Michael Lützeler remarked: “Es besteht eine Beziehung zwischen der zunehmenden Vielfalt, Qualität sowie Welthaltigkeit der zeitgenössischen deutschsprachigen Literatur und dem wachsenden wissenschaftlichen Interesse an ihr”.1 Paul Michael Lützeler has been much more than a keen observer of contemporary literature. He has made significant contributions to research and scholarship on contemporary German literature through new projects like Gegenwartsliteratur and his ongoing engagement with authors. As the founder and director of the Max Kade Center for Contemporary German Literature at Washington University in St. Louis, he has played an important role in fostering the dialogue with contemporary authors and has expanded the scope of our engagement with contemporary literature by organizing numerous seminars, workshops, and conferences for scholars in the USA and Europe. His own work as an eminent editor, author, and scholar has brought researchers and readers into closer contact with contemporary authors and their work. By creating multiple platforms for conversation and critical enquiry, he has also shaped scholarly discourses on contemporary literature and facilitated a better understanding of how authors and their texts relate to socio-historical, political, and cultural forces, which increasingly defy traditional categories. Here, he reminds us that, “Schriftsteller sind Seismographen ihrer Zeit. Aber sie erfassen nicht nur neue Realitäten, um sie abzubilden, sondern befinden sich als Querdenker häufig in Opposition zu aktuellen Entwicklungen”.2 About Contemporary Literature: Interpretations and Interventions is dedicated to Paul Michael Lützeler as a contribution to the dialogue that he has created with authors, his students, and colleagues. This volume examines influential works that reflect the complex fabric of German culture and identity. Rather than attempting to offer a comprehensive survey of rePaul Michael Lützeler. “Vorwort.” Gegenwartsliteratur: Ein germanistisches Jahrbuch/A German Studies Yearbook. Hg. Paul Michael Lützeler/Stephan K. Schindler. 1 (2002): p. xiv.





Lützeler. “Vorwort.” p. xiv.

14 Mark W. Rectanus cent trends in contemporary German-language literature, these essays provide a range of interpretative and critical approaches which engage emerging themes and issues from multiple, occasionally conflicting, perspectives or positions. Many of the contributions are conceived as interventions – designed to stimulate, challenge, and engage, while reframing and re-conceptualizing our approaches to contemporary texts.

The essays offer insights into a wide range of aesthetic, social, political,

and theoretical issues. Particular thematic emphases in the book include:

explorations of Germany’s recent past and the ongoing legacy of war; notions of futurity among multicultural authors in Germany; reactions to the commercialization of multiculturalism; redefinitions of women’s literature, feminism, and motherhood; interrogations of authorial intention and notions of authenticity; literary interrogations of place and explorations of urban and rural spaces in literature; the relationship between theory and literature; the aesthetics of literary expression and rhetoric; pop literature, audiences, and consumer society; and identity in post-unification Germany.

Although the emphasis in most of the essays is on contemporary literature in the German language, the volume underscores the shift to issues and mediations which reflect and resonate the multicultural, global contexts within which contemporary (German) literature is produced.

These contributions recognize and address the mediation of cultural, social, and historical forces and tensions which constitute intricate processes of literary communication. They also reflect the consciousness that models of national literatures cannot fully capture the multiple ways in which contemporary texts communicate culture in literature or how they might be re-conceptualized within the contexts of world literature. The impact of globalization in shaping new forms of literary expression is also pronounced in these essays – e.g., through analyses of the globalization of linguistic expression itself or in the interrogation of globally-inflected contexts of everyday life (e.g., the nature of work, migration, media, and product culture) that have become locally redefined. In this process, the essays also register the destabilization of cultural and analytical categories, including shifts in our understanding of what constitutes postmodern and postcolonial texts.

In part, the contributors to this volume are involved in the process of, and work on, Kontinentalisierung which Paul Michael Lützeler describes in his book of the same name – both in terms of their situatedness in multiple continental cultures and in their interrogation of particular, local,

Introduction: About Contemporary Literature

continental, and global intersections understood as contested sites of cultural production. As we consider how contemporary literature simultaneously registers and subverts the global through the instantiation of the text and reading, we can also examine the question raised by Paul

Michael Lützeler:

Welche Rolle spielt die Literatur im Prozeß der Globalisierung?

Literatur hat immer mit Mikrowelten, mit dem Besonderen des Besonderen, mit dem Detail des Details zu tun. Ein besseres Gegengewicht gegen die Verflachung und Vereinheitlichung einer Zivilisation als das der Literatur ist kaum vorstellbar. Sie ist auf eine denkbar umfassende Weise das Gedächtnis der lokalen, regionalen, nationalen oder kontinentalen Kultur, in der sie entsteht. Gegenwart wird hier als Ergebnis des Vergangenen durchschaubar gemacht.3 The imbrication of the past in the present and the dialectical relations of the past-present to an imagined present or emerging future(s) are also objects of investigation for many essays in this book. Of particular significance are discourses and interventions surrounding the Holocaust, and the manner in which writers have mediated and represented the experience of the Holocaust through literature. In this context, and throughout the volume, the vitality of critical theory is visible and striking – informing our exploration into how literature can provide an aperture for re-conceptualizing the relations of past-present to future.

This leads us to the first intervention of the volume, “Experiment Mars: Contemporary German Literature, Imaginative Ethnoscapes, and the New Futurism” in which Leslie A. Adelson asks: “What new cultural functions accrue to the literary imagination at the turn to the twenty-first century? And what facets of this imaginative phenomenon come into view when literary ethnoscapes become pointedly oriented to the future rather than the past?” Adelson investigates the “futurist Martian ventures” of Alexander Kluge, Berkan Karpat, and Zafer Şenocak – providing a preliminary mapping of this terrain, which re-conceptualizes the relations between futurity and contemporary German literature. Within the context of contemporary German literature, Adelson suggests that this investigation may assist us in “understanding some structural shifts in

Paul Michael Lützeler. Kontinentalisierung. Das Europa der Schriftsteller. Bielefeld:

Aisthesis, 2007. p. 14.

16 Mark W. Rectanus world literature today. The making of future histories and the remaking of ethnos are among them”.

In “Der Film zum Krug: A Filmic Adaptation of Kleist’s Der zerbrochne Krug in the GDR”, Gregory W. Baer takes a step back into recent German history in order to examine how literature is re-inscribed in contemporary cultural texts and discourses, in this case film. Baer argues that “the film does not simply represent a socialist update of Kleist’s comedy”, rather it can be understood “as a participant in a larger discourse about elements of a unique East German identity important to the development of the German Democratic Republic during the 1960s.” Baer draws upon socio-political texts which inform the context in which Günter Reisch’s film Jungfer, Sie gefällt mir (adapted by Reisch and Jurek Becker) was produced. Baer suggests that the tensions between Kleist’s text and the film adaptation represented a mechanism through which GDR artists could “engage discourses of legacy and destiny in the GDR and […] contest rigid or monolithic notions of national identity”.

Discourses surrounding feminism and literature are a key dimension of Hester Baer’s essay “Frauenliteratur ‘After Feminism’: Rereading Contemporary Women’s Writing”. Baer argues that the category of Frauenliteratur has heightened relevance for engaging women’s literature produced in the era “after feminism” – particularly with respect to the “reactionary post-unification term Fräuleinwunder [which] has come to describe a new generation of German women writers”. Her discussion situates the trajectory of work by Judith Hermann, Karen Duve, and Silvia Szymanski as “at once aesthetically sophisticated and commercially successful, it partakes of both politics and pop, representing [Linda] Hutcheon’s ‘complicitous critique’ in the best sense”. Baer concludes that Szymanski’s work, in particular, may provide a model for a new definition of Frauenliteratur which negotiates the terrain of critical aesthetic innovation while remaining accessible to a wider readership.

Bernhard Schlink’s Die Heimkehr, as a “reconstruction of deconstruction”, is the focus of Stefan Börnchen’s enquiry into the nexus of the theoretical legacy of deconstruction associated with Paul De Man and its literary mediation in Schlink’s novel. “Derselbe Krieg mit anderen Mitteln? De Man, Derrida und die Dekonstruktion in Bernhard Schlinks Roman Die Heimkehr” investigates the narrative reconfiguration of debates surrounding De Man, Derrida, and deconstruction which, many argued, legitimized the aesthetics of fascist propaganda. Börnchen examines Schlink’s use of narrative doubling and intertextual references to

Introduction: About Contemporary Literature

Schlink’s first bestseller, Der Vorleser, within the context of debates on De Man and deconstruction. He presents multiple interpretations of Die Heimkehr which, as he argues, ultimately cannot keep its promise of historical objectivity, leaving the legacy of deconstruction as an “irritation” unresolved for the reader.



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