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For British Troops to D.A.G., 3rd Echelon.

For American Troops to Headquarters, 2nd American Corps.

If further heavy casualties have occurred during the night another wire should be sent next morning as soon Qs the total approximate numbers per Battalion (or Regiment) can be estimated, but no wire is to be sent unless at least 50 more casualties have occurred in any one Battalion (or Regiment) since the previous wire.

(ii) The casualties will be reported by "phases"; the date of commencing and closing each phase will be notified from this office.

The duration of each phase will vary according to the fighting, and the number of casualties suffered, but normally will be about three weeks.

(iii) Each wire will include the numbers already reported since the commencement of the phase in the previous wire, and will begin with the following words: "Total estimated casualties from " (here insert commencement of phase). The word “additional” will on no account be used in any wire.

(iv) When a Division is resting it will take the opportunity r to verify the casualties it has reported for the current phase, and

–  –  –

38th Horse— British


–  –  –

(ix) Machine Gun Battalions.—Whenever the total casualties suffered by a Machine Gun Battalion exceed 25 all ranks an estimated casualty wire will be sent by the Division concerned as provided above for Infantry.

Machine Gun Battalions in reporting casualties will forward a new report whenever unreported casualties amount to 25 or over, these being reported to the nearest 25.

In the case of a decrease in estimated casualties amounting to 25 or over it will be reported to the nearest 25.

Canadian Machine Gun Battalions will show the classification of casualties in C.M.G. Divisions in a D.R.L.S. message addressed to Canadian Corps " A " only.

(x) Motor Machine Gun Brigades.—Whenever the estimated casualties in a Motor Machine Gun Brigade exceed 20 all ranks an estimated casualty wire will be sent to Canadian Corps " A " only.

Motor Machine Gun Brigades will show in estimated casualty wires the classification of casualties in the cases of gunners, drivers, and signallers ; other specialists will be shown as " other ranks."

The classification of these " other ranks " will be shown in a D.R.L.S. message referring to the casualty wire in which they were reported. The D.R.L.S. message will be addressed to Canadian Corps " A " only.

2. “B” Official Casualty Returns.

(i) Official casualties will be reported as follows :— (a) By Divisional Artilleries by wire to the Division under which they are at the time, repeated to Canadian Corps " A," made up to 12 noon, required by 8 p.m. daily. The figures shown in these wires will be included by the Divisions in their own official casualty return as called for in (c).

During heavy fighting a D.R.L.S. message referring to the casualty wire will be sent direct to Canadian Corps " A " by the Canadian Divisional Artilleries concerned showing the classification of the casualties as reported by the casualty wire.

–  –  –

(c) By Divisions including Divisional Artilleries and Signals by wire on attached pro forma to Army " A," repeated to Canadian Corps " A," made up to 12 noon, required by 8 a.m. next day by Army H.Q. and Canadian Corps Headquarters.

(d) By C.C.H.A. to Canadian Corps " A " and G.O.C.R.A., made up to 12 noon, required by 7 p.m. daily.

(f) By all Corps and Army Troops not included in above to Camp Commandant, Canadian Corps, by 7 p.m. daily. Camp Commandant will tabulate and forward by D.R.L.S. to Army " A" by 8 a.m. next day, repeating to Canadian Corps " A " by 8 a.m.

(ii) Casualties occurring in personnel of C.C.R.C. will be reported to C.C.R.C., repeated to Canadian Corps " A," and must not be included in casualty wires or reports.

(iv) Whenever a battalion has lost 50 or more men missing any single day a footnote will be added to the daily casualty return, stating how many of them are thought to have been taken prisoners by the enemy.

(v) Before the return is sent in, the names of officers must always be verified from the Army List, to ensure that the correct initials and spelling are given. If an officer's name is not in the Army List, or is wrongly spelt there, the fact will be stated in the report. The actual date of the casualty must invariably follow the name of the officer.

When casualties of regimental or General List Officers serving with Trench Mortar Batteries are reported, the Battalion from which they are detached will be shown, in addition to the Trench Mortar Battery on the strength of which they are serving, thus:— Lieut. " X " 18th.............. employed

Mortar Battery; or, Lieut. " X " General List, employed

Mortar Battery.

(vi) The casualties in any formation or unit detached temporarily from one Division to another will be reported by the Division to which such formation or unit is attached. This Division will repeat return " A " and return " B " to the Division from which the formation or unit has been detached.

(vii) Casualties of officers and other ranks attached or belonging to Units of Army and Corps Troops will be reported by the Unit of Army or Corps Troops concerned in the usual manner, i.e., through Divisions by such Units administered by Divisions to Corps Headquarters, by such Units administered direct by Corps, and to Army Headquarters by such Units administered direct by the Army.

310 Overseas Military Forces of Canada.

(viii) Medical Units will be responsible for reporting deaths of all ranks under their charge.

3. Special Instructions.

(i) Battle Casualties to Officers Commanding R.E. Units (not C.E.

Units) will be reported by wire direct to the A.G., G.H.Q., by the " A " Staff concerned. All other casualties will be reported through the usual channels.

(ii) If any General Officer, Staff Officer, or Commanding Officer is reported as a casualty, the fact will be at once reported to A.H.Q., and in the case of the two former only will be repeated to A.G., G.H.Q., except when heavy fighting is in progress ; the report should contain a brief statement of how the casualty occurred.

(iii) (a) All casualties caused by enemy weapons in use at the time as such, and all casualties caused by British or Allied weapons which are in action against the enemy, will be reported as " Battle Casualties."

(b) The word " weapon " will be held to include Lethal Gas, Mustard Gas, Liquid Fire, High-tension Currents and enemy Barbed Wire, as well as all other instruments used in fighting.

(c) In reporting " Battle Casualties " the terms " Killed in action," " Died of wounds," " Wounded," " Wounded at duty " or " Missing " only will be used, except in the case of shell shock and Lethal or Mustard Gas casualties, where the special nature of the casualty will be indicated thus:— “ Killed in Action (Gas).” “ Wounded (Gas).” “ Wounded (Shell Shock).” (d) No report of " Wounded (Shell Shock) " shall be made except on the authority of the Officer Commanding a Special Hospital in accordance with G.R.O. 2384, nor will a report of " Wounded (Gas) " be made except in accordance with G.R.Os. 3127 and 3128. (See Appendix " A.") (e) In cases where it is considered desirable to enquire into the conduct of an officer or man who is believed to have been taken prisoner by the enemy, and a Court of Enquiry is held for that purpose, the casualty will be reported as " Missing, believed Prisoner of War (Court of Enquiry case)." See para. 2 (b) S.S. 617, issued with G.R.O. 2884 (f) A casualty from mine gas poisoning sustained by an officer or man in the course of his duty, and which is not in any way Corps Administration. 311 due to neglect or disobedience of orders, will be reported as a " Battle Casualty."

(g) A casualty arising from any other injury will be reported simply as " Injured," " Died of injuries," or " Killed aaa." (in the case of immediate death from injury). When, however, the injury is selfinflicted, it will in the first instance be reported as " Injured S.I.," " Died of Injuries S.I," or " Killed S.I." (in the case of immediate death from self-inflicted injury), until the case has been investigated and Army Form 3428 completed, when the injury will be definitely classified as " Wilful," " Negligent," “Without negligence," or " Accidental," as the case may be.

(iii) (h) When an officer or other rank who is both " Wounded and Missing " and has been previously reported (1) Missing, (2) Wounded, the second notification should read :—

1. Wounded and Missing, previously reported Missing.

2. Wounded and Missing, previously reported Wounded.

In the case where an officer or other rank is reported " Wounded and Missing " and it is desired to correct the report, then it must be clearly shown whether it is desired to correct the report of Wounded as well as Missing, thus :—

1. Cancel report of wounded and missing, now reported wounded.

2. Cancel report both of wounded and missing.

(i) All casualties above mentioned, including injuries, will be reported by formations in the Daily Casualty Wire to Headquarters of Armies and L. of C. Area, in precisely the same manner as Battle Casualties have been in the past. Headquarters of Armies and L. of C.

Area will include in their daily list to 1st and 3rd Echelons casualties classified as " Injuries " in the same form as Battle Casualties.

4. The following procedure will be adopted with regard to the method of reporting the strength and casualties of Units of the U.S. Army attached to British formations.

It is essential that the figures for British and American personnel should be kept entirely separate.

The weekly strength return of Infantry, Pioneers and Machine Gun Battalions will be forwarded by the Division to which these American Units may be attached to Army Headquarters in exactly the same way that the Weekly Strength returns are rendered for the same Units of the B.E.F 312 Overseas Military Forces of Canada.

American Units will be shown at the foot of the form and will not be included in the total strength of the Division.

The Daily Strength return of Infantry rendered by Armies will show the strength of American Infantry below the British Infantry, thus :—

–  –  –

Accurate casualties will be reported daily by Divisions to Army Headquarters on a separate return in exactly the same manner as the accurate daily casualties of the B.E.F. are reported, except that the names of the officers will not be required.

Armies will compile a separate daily return for American Units showing the British Formation to which they are attached.

Divisions will collect the strength and casualty returns,. both routine and special reports, of all attached American Units, in accordance with orders in force in American Army, and forward same to Divisional Headquarters, B.E.F., which is responsible for proper disposition as per G.O. 79, G.H.Q., A.E.F., 1917.

5. All officers and other ranks who, without any visible wound, become non-effective from physical conditions claimed or presumed to have originated from the effects of British or enemy weapons in action, other than cases of gas poisoning, will not be reported as Battle Casualties until they are proved as such by the following procedure :— (a) If it is essential to transfer them from their Unit or Division they will be sent to the special hospital set apart for their reception under orders from A.H.Q.

(b) The regimental Medical Officers or Officer Commanding Medical Unit who in the first instance deals with a case which it is necessary to transfer to the special hospital will not record any diagnosis.

He will enter on the field medical card or other transfer paper the letters " N.Y.D.N.," and any definitely known facts as to the true origin or the previous history of the case.

(c) Army Form W.3436 will be forwarded by the Officer Commanding the Special Hospital to the Commanding Officer of the Unit to which the officer or man belongs. Commanding Officers will complete this form and render it as directed thereon with the least possible delay.

Corps Administration. 313 (d) If any case arrives at the Base without having passed through the Special Hospital, the Officer Commanding the Base Hospital will retain the case and notify the local administrative Medical Officer, who will report full particulars direct to the D.M.S. of the Army concerned. That officer will cause Army Form W.3436 to be completed and the case to be classified by the Officer Commanding the Special Hospital, who will then notify the Officer Commanding the Base Hospital in the usual way.

(e) In no circumstances whatever will the expression " shell shock " be made use of verbally or be recorded in any regimental or other casualty report, or in any hospital or other medical document, except in cases so classified by the order of the Officer Commanding the Special Hospital. The D.A.G., 3rd Echelon, will notify the Commanding Officer of the Unit of any case so classified. The latter will, in the case of officers, at once report this casualty in his next daily casualty return, stating the date of the casualty and the D.A.G.'s authority for the classification.

6. Whenever officers or other ranks are accidentally killed or wounded, a brief report will be wired immediately the circumstances are ascertained.

If absence from duty is involved, a written report will also be rendered, without delay, of the A.F.W. 3428.

If the accident is caused by the premature explosion of a grenade, particulars on the lines laid down in Army Council Instruction No. 1894 of 1916 will accompany the report. This information will also be forwarded to Army Headquarters in addition to the proceedings when Courts of Enquiry are held on the premature explosion of grenades.

Courts of Enquiry need only be held in cases where a number of men are injured by the accident, or when considered necessary for the purpose of obtaining information as to some defect in material, or for some other special reason.

The proceedings of Courts of Enquiry will be forwarded to Army Headquarters " A " with the least possible delay.

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