«Job Family Position Classification Standard for Professional Work in the Engineering and Architecture Group, 0800 TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION ...»
Professional Work in the Engineering and Architecture Group, 0800 November 2008
Job Family Position Classification Standard for Professional
Work in the Engineering and Architecture Group, 0800
TABLE OF CONTENTS
MODIFICATIONS TO AND CANCELLATIONS OF OCCUPATIONAL SERIES, STANDARDS, ANDGUIDES
PART I – OCCUPATIONAL INFORMATION
GENERAL SERIES DETERMINATION GUIDELINES
CLASSIFYING PROFESSIONAL WORK
DISTINGUISHING BETWEEN PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL WORK
OFFICIAL TITLING PROVISIONS
FUNCTIONAL CLASSIFICATION CODES
OCCUPATIONAL INFORMATION BY SERIES
GENERAL ENGINEERING, 0801
SAFETY ENGINEERING, 0803
FIRE PROTECTION ENGINEERING, 0804
MATERIALS ENGINEERING, 0806
LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE, 0807
CIVIL ENGINEERING, 0810
ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, 0819
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, 0830
NUCLEAR ENGINEERING, 0840
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING, 0850
COMPUTER ENGINEERING, 0854
ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING, 0855
BIOENGINEERING AND BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, 0858
AEROSPACE ENGINEERING, 0861
NAVAL ARCHITECTURE, 0871
MINING ENGINEERING, 0880
PETROLEUM ENGINEERING, 0881
AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING, 0890
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING, 0893
INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING, 0896
IMPACT OF AUTOMATION
DISTINGUISHING BETWEEN MANAGEMENT WORK AND MANAGERIAL WORK
ADDITIONAL OCCUPATIONAL CONSIDERATIONS
CROSSWALK TO THE STANDARD OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION
PART II – GRADING INFORMATION
HOW TO USE THIS GRADING INFORMATION
GRADE CONVERSION TABLE
POSITION EVALUATION SUMMARY WORKSHEET
U.S. Office of Personnel Management 1 Professional Work in the Engineering and Architecture Group, 0800 November 2008 FACTOR LEVEL DESCRIPTIONS (FLDS)
FACTOR 1 – KNOWLEDGE REQUIRED BY THE POSITION
FACTOR 2 – SUPERVISORY CONTROLS
FACTOR 3 – GUIDELINES
FACTOR 4 – COMPLEXITY
FACTOR 5 – SCOPE AND EFFECT
FACTOR 6 – PERSONAL CONTACTS
FACTOR 7 – PURPOSE OF CONTACTS
FACTOR 8 – PHYSICAL DEMANDS
FACTOR 9 – WORK ENVIRONMENT
FACTOR 1 ILLUSTRATIONS
FACTOR 4 ILLUSTRATIONS
FACTOR 5 ILLUSTRATIONS
INTRODUCTIONThis Job Family Standard (JFS) provides series definitions, titling instructions, and grading criteria for nonresearch and nonsupervisory professional positions in the Engineering and Architecture Group, 0800, for General Schedule (GS) and other “white collar” pay plans. In the General Schedule position classification system established under chapter 51 of title 5, United States Code, the positions addressed here would be two-grade interval positions.
This JFS is divided into three parts. Part I contains occupational information applicable to Federal work covered by this JFS without regard to pay plan or classification system. Part II provides the grading criteria for positions classified in accordance with GS grade definitions.
Part III includes explanatory material about the development of this JFS.
The term “General Schedule” or “GS” traditionally denotes the major position classification system and pay structure for white collar work in the Federal Government. Agencies no longer subject to chapter 51 have replaced the GS pay plan indicator with agency-unique pay plan indicators. For this reason, reference to General Schedule or GS has been omitted from much of this JFS.
Modifications to and Cancellations of Occupational Series, Standards, and Guides Issuance of this JFS modifies, renames, supersedes, or cancels occupational series, classification standards, and guides as described in the following table. The table also indicates how to classify work covered by previous classification standards.
PART I – OCCUPATIONAL INFORMATIONPart I is intended for use by all agencies in evaluating professional positions in the Engineering and Architecture Group, 0800. It provides series definitions, titling instructions, and detailed occupational information for this job family.
General Series Determination Guidelines Selection of the correct series for a position is an essential part of the entire human resources management process for a variety of reasons. For example, qualification requirements used in recruiting are based on the series of the position; career ladders are influenced by the series; and organizational structure is often designed with consideration of the series of assigned positions.
Determining the correct series for a position is usually apparent by reviewing the assigned duties and responsibilities and comparing them to the series definitions and general occupational information the job family standard (JFS) provides. Generally, the series determination for a position is based on the primary work of the position, the highest level of work performed, and the paramount knowledge required to do the work of the position. Normally, it is fairly easy to make this decision. However, in some instances, determining the correct series may not be as obvious.
Use the following guidelines to determine the predominant series when the work of a position matches more than one job family or occupational group. Also, when the work of a position falls into more than one series within this job family, it may be difficult to determine which particular series predominates. In such situations, apply the guidelines below in the order listed to determine the correct series.
• Paramount knowledge required. Although there may be several different kinds of work in the position, most positions will have a paramount knowledge requirement. The paramount knowledge is the most important type of subject-matter knowledge or experience required to do the work.
• Reason for the position’s existence. The primary purpose of the position or management’s intent in establishing the position is a positive indicator for determining the appropriate series.
• Organizational mission and/or function. Positions generally align with the mission and function of the organization to which they are assigned. The organization’s function is often mirrored in the organizational title and may influence the appropriate series.
• Recruitment source. Supervisors and managers can help by identifying the occupational series providing the best qualified applicants to do the work. This is closely related to the paramount knowledge required.
Although the work of some positions may require applying professional engineering and architecture sciences or related knowledge and skills, classification of professional positions to the Engineering and Architecture Group, 0800, may not be appropriate. The Additional Occupational Considerations section of this JFS provides examples where the work may involve applying related knowledge and skills, but not to the extent it warrants classification to this job family.
Additional information may be found in OPM’s publication, The Classifier’s Handbook.
Classifying Professional Work Professional work involves exercising discretion, analytical skill, judgment, personal accountability, and responsibility for creating, developing, integrating, applying, and sharing an
organized body of knowledge:
• uniquely acquired through extensive education or training at an accredited college or university;
• equivalent to the curriculum requirements for a bachelor's or higher degree with major study in, or pertinent to, the specialized field; and
• continuously studied to explore, extend, and use additional discoveries, interpretations, and applications to improve data quality, materials, equipment, applications, and methods.
Interdisciplinary Professional Positions An interdisciplinary position is a position involving duties and responsibilities closely related to more than one professional occupation. As a result, the position is classifiable to two or more professional occupational series. Due to the nature of the work, persons with education and experience in either of two or more professions may be considered equally well-qualified to do the work. The position description should clearly show the position is interdisciplinary and indicate the various series in which the position could be classified. The final classification of the position is determined by the qualifications of the person selected to fill it.
For further guidance on the use and classification of interdisciplinary positions, refer to The Classifier’s Handbook.
Official Titling Provisions Title 5, United States Code, requires the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) to establish authorized official position titles to include a basic title (e.g., Mechanical Engineer) that may be appended with one or more prefixes and/or suffixes. Agencies must use the official position titles for human resources management, budget, and fiscal purposes. Instructions for assigning official position titles are provided for specific series in this section.
Supervisors and Leaders Add the prefix “Supervisory” to the basic title when the agency classifies the position as supervisory. If the position is covered by the General Schedule, refer to the General Schedule Supervisory Guide for additional titling and grading information.
Add the prefix “Lead” to the basic title when the agency classifies the position as leader. If the position is covered by the General Schedule, refer to the General Schedule Leader Grade Evaluation Guide for additional titling and grading information.
Research Positions Add the prefix “Research” to the basic title when the work satisfies the criteria for research as defined in the Research Grade Evaluation Guide.
Organizational Titles Organizational and functional titles do not replace but complement official position titles.
Agencies may establish organizational and functional titles for internal administration, public convenience, program management, or similar purposes. Examples of organizational titles are Branch Chief and Division Chief. Examples of functional titles are Chief of Policy Development and Chief of Operations.
Parenthetical Titles Some series in this JFS have prescribed parenthetical titles. For other series in this standard, agencies may supplement the titles authorized in this standard with agency-established parenthetical titles, if necessary, for recruitment or other human resources needs. Agencies may use a combination of two parenthetical specialty titles in official position titles where the two are of significant importance to the position. Use the basic title without a parenthetical specialty title for positions with no established specialty or for positions involving work in more than two of the established specialties.
U.S. Office of Personnel Management 9 Professional Work in the Engineering and Architecture Group, 0800 November 2008 Functional Classification Codes Functional Classification Codes for Professional Scientific Work. The National Science Foundation (NSF) manages a system of functional classification codes to describe the work of scientists and engineers. NSF uses this data to conduct studies of the science and engineering workforce. OPM requires agencies to document and maintain functional classification codes for positions in science and engineering occupations to meet the needs of NSF. The Guide to Personnel Data Standards provides a list of the applicable occupations and definitions of the functional classification codes. Use established internal agency procedures to assign the appropriate code for positions covered by series in this JFS. A complete list of valid functional classification codes is given below.
Agencies must assign a functional classification code to each of the positions classified to the Engineering and Architecture Group, 0800.
This series covers positions managing, supervising, leading, and/or performing professional architecture work involving the art and science of conceptualizing, planning, developing, and Series Definition
This series covers positions managing, supervising, leading, and/or performing professional
engineering and scientific work involving:
• construction, renovation, inspection, decommissioning, and/or demolition of structures, infrastructures, and their environmental systems above or under the earth's surface;
• investigation and evaluation of the earth's physical, natural, and man-made features; and
• transportation, utilities, building and construction industries.
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING, 0850 (continued) Some electrical engineers may perform power distribution/transport work focused on Occupational information (continued)
This series covers positions managing, supervising, leading, and/or performing professional engineering and scientific work concerning the integration of the aeronautics and astronautics sciences within the broad arena of aviation and space exploration. It includes related materials, equipment, systems, applications, and components.
This series covers positions managing, supervising, leading, and/or performing professional
architectural, engineering, and scientific work relating to:
Impact of Automation Automation, computers, information technology (IT), and their widely varied applications are valuable tools of engineering and architecture work.