WWW.ABSTRACT.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Abstract, dissertation, book
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:   || 2 |

«HOW GOVERNMENT WORKS IN YOUR STATE COURTESY OF: Flagler County Supervisor of Elections Office Kimberle B. Weeks, Supervisor of Elections 1769 E. ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --

FLORIDA CIVICS

HOW GOVERNMENT WORKS

IN YOUR STATE

COURTESY OF:

Flagler County Supervisor of Elections Office

Kimberle B. Weeks, Supervisor of Elections

1769 E. Moody Boulevard, Building 2, Suite 101 ● Bunnell, Florida

Phone: 386.313.4170 ● Fax: 386.313.4170 ● www.FlaglerElections.com

FLORIDA CIVICS 101 PAGE 2

Electing a President According to the Constitution, the President of the United States must be at least 35 years old, a citizen of the United States from birth and a U.S. resident for 14 years. The term of office is four years.

The President of the United States is elected by the electoral college system of voting. Each state is allocated a number of electors equal to the number of its U.S. Senators, which is always 2 LIST OF U.S. PRESIDENTS FROM 1789

for each state, plus the number of its U.S. Representatives (Florida UNTIL TODAY:

has 27 since the 2010 census). Therefore, Florida now has 29 electoral votes.

After their caucuses and primaries, the major parties nominate their candidates for President and Vice President at their national conventions – (traditionally held in the summer preceding the November election). Then on the Tuesday following the first Monday in November (in years divisible by 4), the people in each state cast their ballots. Whichever party slate wins the most popular vote in the states wins all of the electors of that state. The candidate for President with the most electoral votes, (provided that it is an absolute majority) is declared President. In the event no one obtains an absolute majority of electoral votes, the U.S.

House of Representatives (as the chamber closest to the people) selects the President from among the top three contenders with each state casting only one vote and an absolute majority of the states being required to elect. If no one obtains a majority, the U.S.

Senate then elects the President among the two top contenders.

Question:

How many years can a person serve as President of the U.S.?

Answer:

A president is limited to serving for 10 years in office. He or she can only be elected to two full terms according to the 22nd amendment to the U.S.

Constitution. However, if an individual becomes president through the order of succession, then they are allowed to serve an additional two years.

FLORIDA CIVICS 101 PAGE 3 federal representatives FLAGLER

COUNTY

–  –  –

U.S. REPRESENTATIVES

Candidates for the United States House of Representatives (congressional office) are elected from “singlemember” districts in accordance with federal requirements. The number of congressional districts allocated to a state is predicated upon the state’s decennial census taken April 1st of each year ending in “0”. According to the results from the 2010 census, Florida now has 27 congressional seats. To become a candidate for congressional office, you must be a U.S. Citizen for at least 7 years, be 25 years of age, a registered elector, and a resident of the state when elected. Congressional terms are two years. Candidates for these offices file qualifying papers with the State Division of Elections and must also file net worth statements. These candidates are subject to federal campaign finance laws which differ from Florida campaign laws.

STATE representatives

EXECUTIVE

Florida’s Constitution provides the same governmental organization found on the federal level: executive, legislative and judicial – in order to provide checks and balances. The executive branch of state government is also known as the “cabinet”. The Governor and Lieutenant Governor share power with the Attorney General, Chief Financial Officer and the Commissioner of Agriculture. These offices compose the “cabinet” and are elected “at large” statewide. Effective January 7, 2003, the Comptroller and the State Treasurer/Insurance Commissioner have been combined into one Chief Financial Officer’s position. The Secretary of State and the Commissioner of Education are no longer elected positions, but appointed positions. To become a candidate for Governor, Lt. Governor, Chief Financial Officer and Commissioner of Agriculture, you must be a U.S. Citizen, be at least 30 years of age, a registered elector and a resident of the state for at least the preceding 7 years. To become a candidate for Attorney General, you must meet all of these requirements, plus be a member of the Florida Bar for the preceding 5 years. The term of office is four years. Candidates for these offices file qualifying papers with the State Division of Elections. Candidates must file statements of their net worth.

LEGISLATIVE

Election to both the Florida Senate and the Florida House of Representatives is from “single-member” districts. Florida Senators are elected to four year terms. Florida Representatives are elected to two year terms. Both positions are subject to the party nomination process. Candidates for these offices file with the Florida Division of Elections and must also file statements of net worth. To become a candidate for the Florida Senate or the Florida House of Representatives you must be a U.S. Citizen, at least 21 years of age, a registered elector and a resident of the district you are seeking to represent upon taking office and a resident of the state for at least two years prior to the election.





FLORIDA CIVICS 101 PAGE 4

COUNTY GOVERNMENT

The Florida Constitution provides for “counties” and that each county is a school district, and that the voters within the county shall elect is officers. The county government is also organized like the federal and state government with executive, legislative and

judicial branches. The county officers for Flagler County are:

–  –  –

COUNTY JUDGE

County Judges are elected for six year terms. They are elected “at large” within the boundaries of the county. To be a candidate, you must be a U.S. citizen, a resident within the jurisdiction of the court, a registered voter, and have been a member of the Florida Bar for the preceding five years.

Contested County Judges appear on the first primary ballot. To win this office, the candidate must receive 50% plus 1 vote of the votes cast. All registered voters may vote for this office – without regard to political party affiliation. If no candidate received a majority of the vote in the first primary, a runoff election appears on the general election ballot. County judges file qualifying papers as well as initial financial net worth statements with the county Supervisor of Elections. Once elected, financial net worth statements are filed with the Commission on Ethics in Tallahassee.

COUNTY OFFICES

The term for all of the other county offices is four years. All county officers file as candidates with the Supervisor of Elections. All county officers must file a statement of net worth in addition to other qualifying papers. To be a candidate, you must be a U.S. Citizen, reside within the county, be a registered voter, and in the case of county commission and school board, you must reside within the jurisdiction of the district you seek to represent. The salary of county offices is set by a formula based upon the county’s population. With the exception of County Judge and School Board members, the offices are subject to the party nomination process.

ELECTION SCHEDULES

The five constitutional officers (Sheriff, Property Appraiser, Clerk of Courts, Tax Collector and Supervisor of Elections) are elected in Presidential election years. The county commission and school board have staggered terms. Three county commission and two school board seats are up in Presidential election years; two county commission and three school board seats are up in Gubernatorial election years.

FLORIDA CIVICS 101 PAGE 5 COUNTY GOVERNMENT, cont’d

SHERIFF

The Sheriff is the chief law enforcement officer of the county, responsible for the operation of the jail and provides court-related functions – bailiff, warrants, civil process. The Sheriff’s budget is funded through property taxes with some small portion coming from confiscated property fees.

PROPERTY APPRAISER

The Property Appraiser appraises “real property” at fair market value – (land and buildings); appraises tangible personal property in the county; prepares the assessment rolls; and administers exemptions. This office is funded by a “commission” on the appraised value by governmental unit. The Florida Department of Revenue approves this budget.

TAX COLLECTOR

The Tax Collector bills and collects property taxes, tangible personal property taxes and special assessment taxes; registers and titles motor vehicles and vessels; issues motor vehicle license plates; issues hunting, saltwater and freshwater fishing licenses; and disburses taxes collected to various governmental bodies. This is a “fee” office. The Florida Statutes sets a fee to be paid to the Tax Collector for each transaction. The Florida Department of Revenue approves this budget.

CLERK OF COURTS

The Clerk of Courts is the county auditor; the Clerk of the Board (maintains minutes and records of the County Commission); the Clerk of both County and Circuit Courts; the official recorder for all real estate sales within the county; collects and disburses child support payments for participants; and issues marriage licenses. This office is funded through a combination of property taxes levied and fees charged by state law.

SUPERVISOR OF ELECTIONS

The Supervisor of Elections registers voters for federal, state, county, district and city elections; selects, trains and pays poll workers and poll deputies; qualifies candidates for county and independent district offices; monitors and receives campaign reports; supplies and collects financial disclosures forms required by law; and conducts federal, state, county and independent district elections. This office is funded through property taxes.

COUNTY COMMISSION

The County Commission enacts local ordinances; enacts and enforces zoning standards; adopts and enforces building construction standards; constructs and operates sewer plants; constructs and operates water treatment plants; constructs and operates landfills and trash disposal programs; constructs and maintains county roads; constructs and maintains county sidewalks; constructs and maintains public county parks;

constructs and operates public libraries; provides for the health and general welfare of county citizens; and sets the ad valorem millage rate necessary to raise taxes required to fund approved programs and services.

Commission budgets use a combination of funding sources – property taxes, occupational licenses, assessments, user fees, impact fees, bonds, tax anticipation certificates, grants, etc.

SCHOOL BOARD

The School Board operates, controls and supervises all free public schools within the school district;

provides adequate educational facilities for all children; assigns students to schools; and determines the rate of school district taxes. School Board budgets use a combination of funding sources – property taxes, impact fees, bonds, grants, etc.

FLORIDA CIVICS 101 PAGE 6

JUDICIAL OFFICES

FLAGLER COUNTY

JUDICIAL DISTRICTS:

Judicial elections are governed by Florida’s Constitution and Florida Statutes 105.

 5TH DISTRICT COURT Judicial candidates for the Florida Supreme Court and various District OF APPEALS

Courts of Appeal are selected as follows:

 7TH

JUDICIAL

01. Initial assumption of the justice position is through the appointment by the CIRCUIT Governor after recommendation by the Judicial Nominating Commission.

02. The Justice serves a six-year term at which time he/she must qualify for “Retention” for that office. The retention question can only appear on the general election ballot.

03. Should the majority of votes cast on a particular justice’s retention be “against” retention, the Justice would be removed at the end of the term and the Governor would again appoint another attorney to the position.

FLORIDA SUPREME COURT

The Florida Supreme Court is composed of seven justices. The Chief Justice is chosen by a majority of the members of the court. To be a candidate, you must be a resident of the state and reside in the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice may serve after reaching seventy years of age except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term – one-half of which he has already served. No one may be a candidate who has not been a member of the Florida Bar for the preceding ten years. Judicial retention appears only on the general election ballot. This election is non-partisan. Candidate paperwork is filed with the Florida Division of Elections as are statements of net worth. Terms of office are six years.

DISTRICT COURTS OF APPEAL

The number of district courts of appeal are set by general law enacted by the Legislature. No District Court of Appeal shall have less than three justices. To be a candidate, you must be a resident of the state and the territorial jurisdiction of the court. No justice may serve after reaching seventy years of age except upon temporary assignment or to complete a term – one-half of which he has already served. No one may be a candidate for this position who has not been a member of the Florida Bar for the preceding ten years. Judicial retention for this office is non-partisan and appears only the general election ballot. Candidates for retention file qualifying papers with the Florida Division of Elections as well as net worth statements. Terms of office are six years.



Pages:   || 2 |


Similar works:

«2005 Danske Studier Udgivet af Merete K. Jørgensen og Flemming Lundgreen-Nielsen under medvirken af Simon Skovgaard C.A. Reitzels Forlag · København Danske Studier 2005, 100. bind, niende række 4. bind. Universitets-Jubilæets danske Samfund nr. 564 Omslagsdesign: Torben Seifert Printed in Denmark by Special-Trykkeriet Viborg a-s ISSN 0106-4525 ISBN 87-7876-416-5 Omslagsillustration: Illustrerede Tidende nr. 537, 9/1 1870 Udgivet med støtte fra Statens Humanistiske Forskningsråd Indhold...»

«STATE OF CONNECTICUT DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION TO: Superintendents of Schools, High School Principals, Social Studies Department Heads FROM: Betty J. Sternberg, Associate Commissioner DATE: September 27, 2000 RE: New Civics Legislation Commencing with classes graduating in 2004, students will be required to have a one-half credit course in civics and American government as part of the three social studies credit graduation requirement (Public Act No. 00-156). The new legislation amends Section...»

«ITS ACTION PLAN FRAMEWORK SERVICE CONTRACT TREN/G4/FV-2008/475/01 D5 – Final Report Action B EU-wide real-time traffic information services 25 July 2014 EUROPEAN COMMISSION Directorate-General Mobility and Transport Unit C3 Rue De Mot 28 B-1040 Brussels Belgium Tom van de Ven Tom.vandeven@rapptrans.nl Mark Wedlock Mark.wedlock@rapp-trans.co.uk 1/137 25 JULY 2014 Versioning and Content Review Information Table Version When Changes / update Author Reviewer (name of number (Organisation reviewer...»

«Faculty of Engineering, Lund University 2011-04-04 Chemical Engineering Center of Synthesis and Analysis Master Thesis Course, Advanced Level, 30 hp (ECTS credits) A new approach towards the synthesis of Transtaganolides/Basiliolides C-19 Terpenolides from Thapsia with SERCA-inhibiting Activity Riham Alkhamisi Examinator: Ulf Ellervik Supervisor: Rikard Larsson Co-supervisors: Olov Sterner Martin Johansson A new approach towards the synthesis of Transtaganolides/Basiliolides – C-19...»

«Draft Australian Curriculum: Civics and Citizenship Consultation Report September 2013 www.acara.edu.au © Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority 2013 This work is copyright. You may download, display, print and reproduce this material in unaltered form only (retaining this notice) for your personal, non-commercial use or use within your organisation. All other rights are reserved. Requests and inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be addressed to: ACARA...»

«G C(Extr.)/26/2 ORIGINAL: englisch DATUM: 17. März 2009 INTERNATIONALER VERBAND ZUM SCHUTZ VON PFLANZENZÜCHTUNGEN GENF DER RAT Sechsundzwanzigste außerordentliche Tagung Genf, 3. April 2009 PRÜFUNG DER VEREINBARKEIT DER RECHTSVORSCHRIFTEN PERUS MIT DER AKTE VON 1991 DES UPOV-ÜBEREINKOMMENS Vom Verbandsbüro erstelltes Dokument Einführung 1. Mit Schreiben vom 9. März 2009 an den Generalsekretär der UPOV ersuchte Herr J. Eduardo Ponce Vivanco, Botschafter, Ständiger Vertreter, Ständige...»

«10 years of dragonkeeping www.dragonkeeper.com.au Text © 2003 Carole Wilkinson. Cover illustration © 2012 Sonia Kretschmar. NB. This is an ADVANCE UNCORRECTED CHAPTER SAMPLE. Please note contents and publishing information are subject to change. When quoting from this book, please check publishing details and refer to the final printed book for editorial accuracy. WALKER E BOOKS www.walkerbooks.com.au • chapter one • The Edge of the Empire Lan scowled at her with the distaste he reserved...»

«FOR PUBLICATION UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT STATE OF ARIZONA; SALT RIVER No. 13-16517 PIMA-MARICOPA INDIAN COMMUNITY, D.C. No. Plaintiffs, 2:11-cv-00296DGC and GILA RIVER INDIAN COMMUNITY, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. TOHONO O’ODHAM NATION, Defendant-Appellee. GILA RIVER INDIAN CMTY. V. TOHONO O’ODHAM NATION STATE OF ARIZONA, No. 13-16519 Plaintiff-Appellant, D.C. No. and 2:11-cv-00296DGC GILA RIVER INDIAN COMMUNITY; SALT RIVER PIMA-MARICOPA INDIAN COMMUNITY, Plaintiffs,...»

«ADOLF HITLER / MEIN KAMPF ADOLF HITLER MEIN KAMPF Zwei Bände in einem Band Ungekürzte Ausgabe Zentralverlag der NSDAP., Frz. Eher Nachf., G.m.b.H., München 851.–855. Auflage 1943 Alle Rechte vorbehalten Copyright Band I 1925, Band II 1927 by Verlag Franz Eher Nachf., G.m.b.H., München Printed in Germany * Gesamtauflage sämtlicher Ausgaben 10 240 000 Exemplare Druck der August Pries GmbH. in Leipzig Inhaltsverzeichnis Seite Personenund Sachverzeichnis Vorwort. Widmung Erster Band: Eine...»

«A ndrews U niversity Sem inary Studies, V ol. 46, N o. 1, 21-43. C opyright © 2008 A ndrew s U niversity Press.THE EXODUS MOTIF IN REVELATION 15–16: ITS BACKGROUND AND NATURE LASLO GALLUS Belgrade Theological Seminary Belgrade, Serbia In the last century, considerable attention has been given to the use of the OT in the NT. However, the book of Revelation seemed to be neglected up to the 1980s in comparison with the rest of the NT books.1 Thus E. Schüssler Fiorenza could say that “a...»

«ACAP 10/16/2014 Agenda Item 5e COASTAL CAROLINA UNIVERSITY Conway, South Carolina Proposal to The South Carolina Commission on Higher Education To establish a Master of Science in Sport Management September 15, 2014 Program Contact Information: Dr. Colleen McGlone Coordinator, Recreation & Sport Management cmcglone@coastal.edu (843) 349-2989 Signature is available on the original _ David A. DeCenzo President ACAP 10/16/2014 Agenda Item 5e I. Classification Program Title: Master of Science in...»

«THE FEAST OF THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY The Feast of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary is celebrated on December 8. Many people believe that the feast celebrates Jesus’ conception, but in fact it celebrates Mary’s Immaculate Conception; the fact that Mary was, from the very first moment of her existence (her conception), without sin, and chosen to be the Mother of Jesus. As today’s feast is a holy day of obligation, all Catholics should...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.abstract.xlibx.info - Free e-library - Abstract, dissertation, book

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.