WWW.ABSTRACT.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Abstract, dissertation, book
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 16 |

«Paulo Lúcio Scheffer Lima Till death do us part: love and the representation of the individual in four tragedies by William Shakespeare Rio de ...»

-- [ Page 1 ] --

Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro

Centro de Educação e Humanidades

Instituto de Letras

Paulo Lúcio Scheffer Lima

Till death do us part:

love and the representation of the individual in four tragedies by

William Shakespeare

Rio de Janeiro

Livros Grátis

http://www.livrosgratis.com.br

Milhares de livros grátis para download.

Paulo Lúcio Scheffer Lima

Till death do us part:

love and the representation of the individual in four tragedies by William Shakespeare Dissertação apresentada como requisito parcial à obtenção do grau de Mestre, ao Programa de Pós-Graduação em Letras, da Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Área de concentração: Literaturas de Língua Inglesa.

Orientadora: Profª. Drª. Fernanda Teixeira de Medeiros Rio de Janeiro

CATALOGAÇÃO NA FONTE

UERJ/REDE SIRIUS/CEHB

S527 Lima, Paulo Lúcio Scheffer.

Till death do us part: love and the representation of the individual in four tragedies by William Shakespeare / Paulo Lúcio Scheffer Lima. – 2008.

93 f.

Orientadora: Fernanda Teixeira de Medeiros.

Dissertação (mestrado) – Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Letras.

1. Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616 – Obras dramáticas – Teses.

2. Teatro inglês – História e crítica – Teses. 3. Tragédia – Teses. 4.

Amor – Teses. 5. Teatro e sociedade – Teses. I. Medeiros, Fernanda Teixeira de. II. Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Instituto de Letras. III. Título.

CDU 820-21 Paulo Lúcio Scheffer Lima

Till death do us part:

love and the representation of the individual in four tragedies by William Shakespeare Dissertação apresentada como requisito parcial à obtenção do grau de Mestre, ao Programa de Pós-Graduação em Letras, da Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Área de concentração: Literaturas de Língua Inglesa.

Aprovada em 27 de março de 2008

Banca Examinadora:

Profª. Drª. Fernanda Teixeira de

–  –  –

I would like to thank the following persons who helped me, in several ways, to reach

this professional qualification, which represents a very important step in my life:

Agnes Maria de Azevedo Aurich Leite, Alíria de Britto Duque, Ana Lúcia de Souza Henriques, Ana Paula de Carvalho, André Luiz, André Ricardo Soares da Silva, Carlinda Fragale Pate Nuñez, Cassiana Bueno da Silva, Christiane Fernanda Aguiar Oliveira, Claudia Zambotti, Claudio Luís Silvestre, Cristiano César de Carvalho, Daniela Versiani, Edilberto Venturelli, Eliane Borges Berutti, Elisabete Scheffer Lima, Elisabeth Pacheco e Silva, Ernesto Moreira Lamin, Francisco Venceslau dos Santos, Geralda Gonçalves da Silva, Giovana Giovanini, Isis Santos da Silva, Joaquim Paula de Oliveira Lima, Lázaro Bueno da Silva, Leila Assumpção Harris, Lúcia Costa, Márcio Boato Ferreira, Maria Aparecida Salgueiro, Maria Conceição Monteiro, Marilene Ferreira Chaves da Costa Pereira, Marli Bueno da Silva Carvalho, Nilton César Scheffer Lima, Norma Walker, Paulo Henrique Duque, Peônia Viana Guedes, Priscila, Renata Thiago Pontes, Ricardo Miguez, Roberto Acízelo Quelha de Souza, Roberto Ferreira da Rocha, Rodolfo Mattos, Rosângela Tereza de Oliveira Marques Ruth Persice Nogueira and Talita Almeida Nativo.

A very special thanks to my wife Ana Lúcia da Silva Scheffer Lima, my children Henrique da Silva Scheffer Lima and Lara da Silva Scheffer Lima, and to my advisor Fernanda Teixeira de Medeiros. These persons were my main sources of support and have patiently helped me in the process.

Shakespeare became the greatest master at exploiting the void between persons and the personal ideal.

(Harold Bloom) In: BLOOM, H. Shakespeare: The Invention of the Human, p.7.

–  –  –

SCHEFFER LIMA, Paulo Lúcio. Till death do us part: love and the representation of the individual in four tragedies by William Shakespeare. 2008. 93f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Literaturas de Língua Inglesa) – Instituto de Letras, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, 2008.

A presente pesquisa focaliza as maneiras através das quais a experiência amorosa faz parte da trama de quatro tragédias shakespearianas: Romeu e Julieta, Otelo, Hamlet e Macbeth. Trata do herói trágico como indivíduo autônomo, liberto da força do destino e do controle dos deuses, diferentemente do que acontecia na tragédia clássica. O herói – ou a heroína – é um ser que se considera livre para fazer escolhas, sendo porém responsável pelas decisões tomadas, principalmente ante os poderes superiores dos quais ainda não se encontra totalmente desvencilhado, como família e estado. Entre as escolhas feitas está a escolha amorosa que, devido ao seu caráter pessoal, torna-se obstáculo para o herói trágico, já que é normalmente um indivíduo de vida pública, cujos atos particulares tendem a ganhar uma dimensão ampliada. Suas escolhas tornam-se trágicas quando rompem com a convenção, na busca de um valor individual que ainda está em formação durante o Renascimento. Desta maneira, percebe-se o quanto a experiência amorosa virá a fazer parte da representação deste indivíduo. Embora o amor não possa ser considerado o tema central das quatro tragédias analisadas neste trabalho, elas têm em comum o fato de retratar heróis e heroínas envolvidos em relacionamentos amorosos inseparáveis da ação trágica. As análises de traços da tragédia clássica e do início do teatro inglês, além de possibilitarem uma investigação do comportamento das sociedades medieval e renascentista em relação a certos conceitos, tais como indivíduo, amor e casamento, fornecem um valioso embasamento para o entendimento das razões pelas quais Shakespeare usou o tema do amor para interagir com a noção de responsabilidade individual e para participar da marcha do protagonista rumo ao seu fim trágico. O estudo de cada uma das quatro tragédias mostra quão diferentemente o bardo inglês lidava com a imbricação entre amor e liberdade de forma a refletir, em vários contextos, os novos modos de pensamento – dentre eles, a própria noção de indivíduo – que começaram a se estabelecer durante o Renascimento.





Palavras-chave: Shakespeare. Tragédia. Indivíduo. Amor.

ABSTRACT

This research focuses on the ways through which love/ erotic experience takes part in the plot of four Shakespearian tragedies: Romeo and Juliet, Othello, Hamlet and Macbeth. It treats the tragic hero as an autonomous individual, free from the power of fate and the control of the gods, differently from what happened in the classical tragedy. The hero – or heroine – is a being who considers himself/ herself free to make choices, yet being responsible for the decisions made, especially before superior powers from which he or she has not been totally released, such as family and state. Among his or her choices is the choice of a spouse or partner which, due to its personal nature, becomes a hindrance to the tragic hero or heroine, once he or she is usually a public person, whose private acts tend to gain a magnified dimension. His or her choices become thus tragic when they break conventions in search of an individual value that is still being shaped during Renaissance. One can thus perceive the extent to which love/ erotic experience will take part in the representation of this individual.

Even though love cannot be considered the central theme of all the four tragedies analyzed in this work, they share the fact that they all portray heroes and heroines who are involved in romantic relationships which are inseparable from the tragic action. Analyses of features from the classical tragedy and from the beginning of the English drama, besides enabling an investigation of the behavior of medieval and Renaissance societies toward certain concepts such as individual, love and marriage, provide an invaluable background for the understanding of the reasons why Shakespeare used such a theme as love to interact with the notion of individual responsibility and to take part in the protagonist's march towards his or her tragic end. The study of each one of the four tragedies shows how differently the English bard handled the imbricacy between love and freedom so as to reflect, in a variety of contexts, the new modes of thought – among which, the very notion of 'individual' – that started to be established during the Renaissance.

–  –  –

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 1:

SHAKESPEARE’S INHERITANCE: AN OUTLINE OF THE TRAGEDY................. 13

1.1. Delineating tragedy as a genre

1.2. Seneca’s tragedy as a possible influence

1.3. Shakespeare’s more recent inheritance

1.4. The final result: how Shakespeare used his inheritance

CHAPTER 2:

THE INDIVIDUAL AND LOVE: NOTIONS INHERITED BY THE ELIZABETHANS

2.1. The ‘individual’: an idea shaped throughout the centuries

2.2. Marriage and cohabitation in the Bible

2.3. Love, marriage and the medieval society

2.4. Adjustments of the medieval modes of love to the Renaissance individual..............52

CHAPTER 3:

SHAKESPEARE'S TRAGIC HEROES AND HEROINES IN LOVE

3.1. Romeo and Juliet: the individual and society

3.2. Othello, Desdemona and the problem of loving too well

3.3. Hamlet: the Prince who does not match

3.4. The Macbeths: Shadows walking towards greatness

CONCLUSION

BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCES

–  –  –

William Shakespeare's tragedies have, for the past four centuries, attracted audiences of all backgrounds. The study of the representation of the individual in the bard's tragedies becomes feasible not only for their popularity, but also for one of the features that caused such a popularity: the treatment Shakespeare gave to what is now a reality we take for granted, but was a novelty during Renaissance – the human being as an individual.

Approaching a character as an individual corresponds to recognizing that he or she is the owner of specific characteristics that distinguish him or her from the group of which they are part. It also involves the acceptance that this person has a type of freedom that enables him or her to make choices, rather than follow family conventions or social rules. Among these choices is the choice of a partner in love, the involvement with another human being and the decision to share moments of one's life, or even the rest of one's existence, with another person.

It is due to my interest in human relationships that I have decided to choose couples, rather than lonely individuals, as the objects of my research. Having had a rather strict Roman Catholic education, I have always tried to love and to respect other human beings as individuals, regardless of ethnic or social differences, or any other barriers society sometimes imposes on us. It was only after I got married to another – practicing – Roman Catholic, however, that I started to get involved in church affairs and thus acquired a gradual interest in the human being and in the relations thereof, especially the relationship between husband and wife. This focus is due to the fact that my wife and I have for the past twelve years – almost as long as we have been married – devoted part of our time to marriage counseling groups, having helped many couples improve their quality of life, and wedding preparation courses, sharing with engaged youths our experience with marriage.

Perhaps this kind of service has sharpened in me the interest towards other couples, but the very belief in an association in which husband and wife complete each other and become one is already an initial motivation that has led me to plunge into this theme. On the other hand, the years I have been teaching and getting involved with teenagers and young adults have shown me that marriage is not always seen positively. From the formers' experiences with parents and the latters' expectations about love, I have noticed that many people question the seriousness of a stable liaison between a man and a woman in today's world. Marriage has thus become a controversial issue: looking for happiness, many individuals choose to define themselves in relation to someone else and may even devote their lives to a loved one; many times, however, they end up breaking a relationship out of frustration, if the initial expectation is not fulfilled.

Such a personal experience has led me to an interest in every couple I have come across in literature and I have often tried to understand their relationship in connection with their actions, their problems and possible solutions, and their reactions to the development of their own stories. The same has happened in Shakespeare: whenever I read his plays I sympathize with the feelings his couples demonstrate and I try to understand their action based on their erotic/ marital choice and relationship.

The purpose of this dissertation is thus to analyze such relationships in four of Shakespeare's tragedies, namely Romeo and Juliet (1595-6), Othello (1604), Hamlet (1600-1) and Macbeth (1606). Even though love and marriage are not the main focus of all of them, a constant discussion that takes part in these works is the individual freedom to choose a partner and the consequences such a choice may bring. Based on this feature of the plays I have formulated the hypothesis that the choice of a spouse or partner, as an externalization of the individual's power of decision, is deeply related to the choice a tragic hero or heroine makes that will destroy him or her, inasmuch as it may challenge a long-standing feature of the institution of marriage. The protagonists of the plays studied can thus be said to define themselves by their choice of a partner in love rather than by conventions, family or society.

In fact, they detach themselves from the groups to which they belong in order to build their identity, whose sense of uniqueness was becoming an important value during the Renaissance.



Pages:   || 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |   ...   | 16 |


Similar works:

«Recreational Sports Journal, 2011, 35, 35-44 © 2011 Nirsa Foundation Factors Influencing Job Satisfaction of Student Employees of a Recreational Sports Department at a Large, Four-Year Public Institution: A Case Study Timothy B. Kellison and Jeffrey D. James Job satisfaction is among the most researched concepts in the study of organizational behavior, particularly because of managers’ interests in the favorable consequences associated with high job satisfaction. Previous...»

«Class Outline – Part 1 (Group) Introduction: The Classification Plan is the framework of position descriptions and class specifications. Within the plan, each position is assigned to a job class based on duties, responsibilities, and requirements of training or experience. Positions in a job class are treated the same for personnel administration purposes including required qualifications, basic pay, and layoff/recall. The Classification Outline is the hierarchy by which various job classes...»

«Recreational Sports Journal, 2007, 31, 3-13  © 2007 NIRSA Foundation Campus Recreational Sports Internships: A Comparison of Student and Employer Perspectives Craig M. Ross and Brent A. Beggs The purpose of this study was to examine differences between senior-level students and campus recreational sport directors in their perceptions of recreational sport management internships. Using a web-based survey of 48 items, the study explored how students and practitioners differed in...»

«Theodore W. Wilson, James D. Atkinson, Claire L. Cooke, Kevin Back, Aine Munroe, Vicky Fawcett, Sarah Gilks, Dikshitkumar Khamar, Oliver J. Cooke, Richard Dowling, Laura O’Shea, Devi Di Tomasso, Linda Seton, The conference began with two plenary talks, the first delivered by Michael F. Doherty of the University of Santa Barbara, California whose topic was “Predicting crystal growth rates and shape evolution for molecules of realistic API complexity”. The speaker started by summarising...»

«International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Vol. 4, No. 11; September 2014 Psychic Journey towards Inner Freedom: Margaret Laurence’s a Bird in the House Dr. Yousef. A. N. Aldalabeeh Assistant Professor Al-albayt University Language Center Jordan Mafraq Abstract The paper takes up the Canadian woman writer Margaret Laurence, especially her A Bird in the House, to analyse how self-reflexivity works to explore identity and culture ethos. Being a writer who comes from a varied...»

«The Swedish Bologna process – reckless race or revitalising reform? DRAFT Paper presented to the 29th ANNUAL EAIR FORUM 26 to 29 August 2007 Innsbruck, Austria Name of Author(s) Åsa Lindberg-Sand Contact Details Åsa Lindberg-Sand, PhD Lund University, Centre for Educational Development PO Box 117 SE 221 00 LUND SWEDEN E-mail: Asa.Lindberg-Sand@pedagog.lu.se Key words Curriculum design and development, National systems of higher education, Organisation structures, Management, Quality...»

«Abschätzung zur Änderung der TreibhausgasEmissionen in den EU-Beitrittsstaaten zur Vorbereitung der Verhandlungen im Rahmen der Ausgestaltung des Kioto-Protokolls Im Auftrag des Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit G II 1 – 45134 – 18/6 Endbericht März 2001 Dr. Sebastian Oberthür Uwe Büsgen Dennis Tänzler Ecologic Institut für Internationale und Europäische Umweltpolitik Pfalzburger Str. 43/44, 10 717 Berlin, Tel: +49-30-86 880-118; Fax: +49-30-86 880-100...»

«Collected Ghost Stories Of E F Benson Offshore methodologies are as reverse as Safety, staff or solicitor. The interest of $3,000 penalty away is the young, truthful free loan but use and much offers frequent. You is potential of best so this timers-was are forward to forget these Book and a is sure. The for no goals enable to maneuver enclosing the residence and bring the possible accounting advice certain if home. Any is all % for speaking loans if my new. These is it if 2005 soil growth in...»

«Auto Theft Today A PROFESSIONAL E NEWSLETTER BY THE INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF AUTO THEFT INVESTIGATORS VOLUME 3  ISSUE 2  NOVEMBER 2015 Training, Training and Training this issue IAATI Websites p.2 October was a big month for training with the European Branch, the South African Branch and the South Central Regional Chapters all holding their Annual Board and Committee Training Seminars. In addition there has been training provided by Western Update p.3 States Auto Theft Investigators,...»

«m t South African luu^cnu illagcmm ^o. 74 % Scmtlr IWiU'an ^Hagazme OS 'outh African CONTENTS Page Page Speech Day, 1958 1 Sports Reports-Headmistress's Report 1 Swimming 30 Extract from Dr. Simon Tennis 32 Biesheuvel's Address. 7 Lacrosse 34 Vale 9 Hockev 34 Salve 12 A Trip to Kimberley 37 School Benevolencies Visit to a Gold Mine 38 The Africana Museum 39 Achievements and Distinctions 14 A Visit to the Oxygen Works 39 School Officers 15 ContributionsGifts to the School 16 Nursery Rhymes 41...»

«Case 6:14-cv-06008-GAP-TBS Document 109 Filed 09/19/15 Page 1 of 102 PageID 916 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE MIDDLE DISTRICT OF FLORIDA, ORLANDO DIVISION ALLIANCE OF AUTOMOTIVE SERVICE PROVIDERS, INC., et al PLAINTIFFS VS. CAUSE NO:6:14-CV-6008 STATE FARM MUTUAL AUTO INSURANCE COMPANY, et al DEFENDANTS FIRST AMENDED COMPLAINT JURY TRIAL DEMANDED COME NOW, Plaintiffs in the above-captioned cause and submit this, their Amended Complaint, pursuant to the Federal Rules of Civil...»

«Fellow Believers! The Minnesota South District of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod met in convention on June 18-20. Gary Anderson and I represented St. Peter at this convention. The Theme of this 77th Convention was On our way.Rejoicing. (Acts 8:39). This verse speaks of the Ethiopian Eunuch's joy as Philip shared the Gospel and baptized him on his way back home from a journey to Jerusalem. Wow! As he went forth, he would bear witness to the power of Jesus.and he did so rejoicing on his...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.abstract.xlibx.info - Free e-library - Abstract, dissertation, book

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.