WWW.ABSTRACT.XLIBX.INFO
FREE ELECTRONIC LIBRARY - Abstract, dissertation, book
 
<< HOME
CONTACTS



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 3 | 4 || 6 |

«Welcome to the Purdue OWL This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue (When printing this page, you must ...»

-- [ Page 5 ] --

Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.) and the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing (3rd ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.

–  –  –

This guide provides only a very small portion of the abbreviations suggested by MLA. Each section cross-references the appropriate sections and page numbers of the MLA Handbooks for Writers of Research Papers and the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing.

–  –  –

Use a period if the abbreviation ends in a lower case letter, unless referring to an internet

suffix, where the period should come before the abbreviation:

–  –  –

Introduction (234) of the MLA Handbooks for Writers of Research Papers, 7th edition, or Section 8.1. Introduction (261-62) of the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing, 3rd edition.

–  –  –

Remember to follow common trends in abbreviating time and location within citations. Month

names longer than four letters used in journal and magazine citations:

–  –  –

For more information on time designations, see Section 7.2. Time Designations (235) of the MLA Handbooks for Writers of Research Papers, 7th edition, or Section 8.2. Time Designations (262-63) of the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing, 3rd edition.

–  –  –

Geographic names of states and countries in book citations when the publisher's city is not well known or could be confused with another city. Abbreviate country, province, and state names.

–  –  –

For more information on time designations, see Section 7.3. Geographic Names (236-40) of the MLA Handbooks for Writers of Research Papers, 7th edition, or Section 8.3. Geographic Names (264-69) of the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing, 3rd edition.

–  –  –

Abbreviations and Reference Words (240-47) of the MLA Handbooks for Writers of Research Papers, 7th edition, or Section 8.3. Common Scholarly Abbreviations and Reference Words (269-82) of the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing, 3rd edition.

–  –  –

Shorten publisher's names as much as possible in book citations. You only need to provide your readers with enough information for them to identify the publisher. Many publishers can be identified by only acronyms or a shortened version of their names.

MLA suggests a few rules for you to follow when abbreviating publishers:

–  –  –

For more information on publisher names, see Section 7.4. Publishers’ Names (247-49) of the MLA Handbooks for Writers of Research Papers, 7th edition, or Section 8.3. Publishers’ Names (282-85) of the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing, 3rd edition.

–  –  –

MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.) and the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing (3rd ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.

–  –  –

GlobalWarming.org. Cooler Heads Coalition, 2007. Web. 24 May 2009.

Gowdy, John. "Avoiding Self-organized Extinction: Toward a Co-evolutionary Economics of Sustainability." International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology 14.1 (2007): 27-36. Print.

–  –  –

Milken, Michael, Gary Becker, Myron Scholes, and Daniel Kahneman. "On Global Warming and Financial Imbalances." New Perspectives Quarterly 23.4 (2006): 63. Print.

Nordhaus, William D. "After Kyoto: Alternative Mechanisms to Control Global Warming."

American Economic Review 96.2 (2006): 31-34. Print.

–  –  –

MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.) and the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing (3rd ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.

–  –  –

MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.) and the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing (3rd ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.

MLA Tables, Figures, and Examples The purpose of visual materials or other illustrations is to enhance the audience's understanding of information in the document and/or awareness of a topic. Writers can embed several types of visuals using the most basic word processing software: diagrams, musical scores, photographs, or, for documents that will be read electronically, audio/video applications.





–  –  –

Labels, Captions, and Source Information Illustrations appear directly embedded in the document, except in the case of manuscripts that being prepared for publication. (For preparing manuscripts with visual materials for publication, see Note on Manuscripts below.) Each illustration must include, a label, a number, a caption and/or source information.

–  –  –

Note: Use semicolons to denote entry sections when long series of commas make these sections difficult to ascertain as being like or separate. (See examples below.) The MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers 7th edition states that if the table or illustration caption provides complete citation information about the source and the source is not cited in the text, authors do not need to list the source in the Works Cited list.

Examples - Documenting Source Information in "Note Form"

–  –  –

In this example, the commas in Manufacturing, Mining, and Construction Statistics prompt the need for semicolons in order for the series information to be read easily. Even if Manufacturing, Mining, and Construction Statistics had not appeared in the entry, the multiple "author names" of United States, Dept. of Commerce, and Census Bureau would have necessitated the use of a semicolon before and after the title and between ensuing sections to the end of the entry.

Furthermore, the publisher and date in a standard entry are separated by a comma and belong together; thus, their inclusion here (US Dept. of Commerce, 5 Feb. 2008) also necessitates the semicolons.

MLA Documentation for Tables, Figures, and Examples MLA provides three designations for document illustrations: tables, figures, and examples (see specific sections below).

–  –  –

Source: Federal Interagency Forum on Aging-Related Statistics, Older Americans 2008: Key Indicators of Well-Being, Federal Interagency Forum on Aging-Related Statistics, Mar. 2008,

–  –  –

a. Note: Rates for 65 and over category are age-adjusted using the 2000 standard population.

Beginning in 1997, population figures are adjusted for net underenumeration using the 1990 National Population Adjustment Matrix from the U.S. Census Bureau. People residing in personal care or domiciliary care homes are excluded from the numerator.

–  –  –

Some readers found Harry’s final battle with Voldemort a disappointment, and recently, the podcast, MuggleCast debated the subject (see fig. 2).

Figure caption (below an embedded podcast file for a document to be viewed electronically):

Fig. 2. Harry Potter and Voldemort final battle debate from Andrew Sims et al.; “Show 166”;

MuggleCast; MuggleNet.com, 19 Dec. 2008; Web; 27 Dec. 2008.

–  –  –

Do not embed illustrations (tables, figures, or examples) in manuscripts for publication. Put placeholders in the text to show where the illustrations will go. Type these placeholders on their own line, flush left, and bracketed (e.g. [table 1]). At the end of the document, provide label, number, caption, and source information in an organized list. Send files for illustrations in the appropriate format to your editor separately. If you provide source information with your illustrations, you do not need to provide this information on the Works Cited page.

Contributors:Tony Russell, Allen Brizee, Elizabeth Angeli, Russell Keck, Joshua M. Paiz, Purdue OWL Staff.

Summary:

MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.) and the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing (3rd ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.

–  –  –

MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.) and the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing (3rd ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.

MLA Undergraduate Sample Paper This resource contains an undergraduate sample MLA paper that adheres to the 2009 updates.

Select the Undergraduate MLA 2009 Sample Paper PDF file in the Media box above.

–  –  –

sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.) and the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing (3rd ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.

–  –  –

Because the poster is quite large, standard printers cannot print the poster. If you do not have access to a printer that can print large documents, contact a local print shop to print the poster.

The Purdue OWL cannot grant requests to print and mail posters.

If you do not have access to a print shop to print the poster, please use the resources we have available here for printing on standard 8.5 x 11 inch paper. Go to resource you would like to print, scroll down to the bottom of the page, and click "Full Resource for Printing."

Also please note that the poster only contains basic MLA guidelines. For detailed instructions, please see the complete OWL MLA resources here.

The Purdue OWL MLA Classroom Poster was developed by Kate Bouwens for the Purdue Professional Writing - Purdue OWL Internship class, English 490, in spring 2009.

Purdue OWL MLA Classroom Poster (Please note: The poster is best viewed in Firefox.)

–  –  –

MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.) and the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing (3rd ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.

OWL Mail MLA FAQs The follow FAQs address issues in MLA citation and/or formatting. The entries in this section are based on frequently asked questions received by our OWL Mail Tutors. We encourage you to scan through these before you send your MLA related questions into OWL Mail. If

–  –  –

you're question is not answered in our main MLA resource, nor it is found in this FAQ, you may contact the OWL Mail Tutors by clicking here. Also, further information on MLA style and citation can be found at the Purdue OWL’s MLA Style and Formatting resource.

–  –  –

How do I use MLA citations and works cited in a PowerPoint presentation?

Unfortunately, the MLA does not directly address this issue. You could follow the guidelines for in-text citation in a document in your PowerPoint presentation. You could then provide a separate Works Cited slide at the end of the PowerPoint deck. However, if you feel that the audience would not gain as much from a separate Works Cited slide, you could always provide the full Works Cited entry at the bottom of the relevant slides.

How do I cite letters, or email, (Personal Communication) in MLA?

Letters fall under the MLA’s guidelines for personal communication, which are as follows:

Author’s LastName, Author’s FirstName. Letter to the author. Date of Letter.

–  –  –

In text, you should differentiate between the letters, if you have numerous untitled letters from the same author. Although the MLA has no guidelines for this, we suggest including the date

in the sentence referring to the letter. For example:

In the letter dated 14 December 2010, he writers, “…it is cold outside” (Smith).

–  –  –

Author. Title of Manuscript/Document. date of composition (at least year; if unknown, write N.d.). form of material (MS for manuscript or work written by hand; TS for a typescript or work prepared by machine) along with "the name and location of the library, research institution, or personal collection housing the material."

–  –  –



Pages:     | 1 |   ...   | 3 | 4 || 6 |


Similar works:

«CIRCLE Working Paper 75 Voting Laws, Education, and Youth Civic Engagement: A Literature Review by CIRCLE staff with Haley Pero and Laura Nelson1 Executive Summary Since the founding of public schools in the United States, a primary purpose of public education has been to produce capable, informed, and engaged citizens. In particular, civic education can prepare students to be informed voters. Unfortunately, the turnout rates and the civic knowledge of young people are unacceptably low; there...»

«Do You Know Juliette Low? MORE Games, Songs, Skits, Crafts and Learning Activities About Our Girl Scout Founder! Volunteer Learning & Development Daisy Low Story-Game for Girl Scout Daisies Leader: “Listen closely while I tell you the story of Juliette Gordon Law, who started the American Girl Scouts. Every time I say Mrs. Low‘s nickname, ‗Daisy,‘ YOU have to say ‗We‘re Daisies too!‘ Let‘s practice.‖ (Say “Daisy” and let girls reply.) [STORY] ―Once there was a girl named...»

«All praise and thanks be to Allah, and peace and blessings of Allah be upon the Messenger of Allah. These are words about intercession, foreboding, asking blessing and amulets. First: words about intercession The definition of intercession: intercession in Arabic (as-shafâ’ah) is derived from the word shaf’ (which means even) that is contrary to the word witr (which means odd), as the interceded person becomes even by interceding.Its definition in custom and Islamic law is: 1 The asking of...»

«SCOTT HALES Marching Through Memory: Revising Memory in E. L. Doctorow’s The March N ear the end of E. L. Doctorow’s The March, General William Tecumseh Sherman watches his army parade through Southern streets in the aftermath of a successful “March to the Sea.” As he watches his men pass beneath him, “somewhat less proud than usual of their shabby grooming and dusty uniforms,” Sherman longs to return to life on the march—“not for [the] blood and death” of the violent...»

«The watershed for Commonwealth appropriation and spending after Pape and Williams? Melissa Hogg and Charles Lawson* The decisions of Pape v Commissioner of Taxation (2009) 238 CLR 1 and Williams v Commonwealth (2012) 248 CLR 156 marked an important change in relation to the appropriation and spending powers under the Constitution. This article considers the significant uncertainty still surrounding the Constitution’s financial power and discusses the implications of these decisions in the...»

«BASE PROSPECTUS (Basisprospekt) MORGAN STANLEY BANK AG (incorporated as a stock corporation (Aktiengesellschaft) in the Federal Republic of Germany) MORGAN STANLEY & CO. INTERNATIONAL PLC (incorporated with limited liability in England and Wales) MORGAN STANLEY B.V. (incorporated with limited liability in The Netherlands) and MORGAN STANLEY (incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware in the United States of America) as Guarantor for any issues of Securities by Morgan Stanley B.V. Euro...»

«A of the PT blication 7560 Forest Road, onthly pu Am Cincinnati, Ohio 45255 MARCH 2010 Anderson High School Newsletter From the Principal... Dear Parents, The month of February has been very cold and blustery, but it hasn’t stopped the students at AHS from continuing to achieve at competitions or giving back to the community. First Lutheran Church in Over the Rhine was the recipient of more than 21 lawn and leaf bags of clothing and nine boxes of personal care items that were collected...»

«УДК 341.9 Новикова Татьяна Васильевна Novikova Tatiana Vasilyevna кандидат юридических наук, PhD in Law, доцент кафедры международного права Assistant Professor, Северо-Кавказского филиала International Law Department, Российского государственного университета North Caucasus branch of правосудия (г. Краснодар) the Russian State...»

«AEH Action Européenne des Handicapés – European Action of the Disabled – Europäische Behindertenaktion Secrétariat Général General Secretariat Generalsekretariat Wurzerstraße 4a D-53175 Bonn AEH@vdk.de Newsletter August 2007 Content 1. SPAIN: For the promotion of the independence and care of people with substantial dependency needs Law 39/2006 2. GERMANY: Conference on Education, Employment, Equal Opportunities Empowering Persons with Disabilities Inhalt 1. SPANIEN: Neues Gesetz zur...»

«Buchbesprechungen Ackermann, Laurie: Human Dignity: Lodestar for Equality in South Africa. Claremont: Juta Law Publisher (2013). ISBN 9780702199011. xlvi, 416 S. R 595,This is a most impressive treatise on human dignity and equality written by one of the most influential Constitutional Court judges of the early period of this Court in South Africa. It is particularly impressive how the author deals with comparative constitutional law, to a considerable extent with German constitutional law as...»

«Summer AUGUST 2015 ANTICS The Official Publication of the Halifax Antique Car Club 2015 EXECUTIVE INFO LINE: 902 463-1948 DIAL 902 before the numbers listed belowPresident Cliff Doubleday 444-9821 Vice-President Brian Richards 826-1512 NEWS AND EVENTS Secretary Edith Steffens 876-7908 Treasurer Mabel Dodsworth 865-7458 Watch your email for local Membership Rick Gallivan 852-3612 events from Cheryl Cole Car Events Randy Corbin 835-4878 902 860-3113 Historian Judy Houlihan 864-7606 Social Jane...»

«Eric Shipton Six Mountain Travel Books You have longer financial and must push details as Eric Shipton: Six Mountain Travel Books specific customers for selling longer sales and going laws per huge support. Its flyers defense of your options for your bank, not fixing and leasing card and Eric Shipton: Six Mountain Travel Books seasons and painting a stringent and eligible deductible spending. No meeting by home boiled resources more that 6 relationships for $250 time of another center. Going to...»





 
<<  HOME   |    CONTACTS
2016 www.abstract.xlibx.info - Free e-library - Abstract, dissertation, book

Materials of this site are available for review, all rights belong to their respective owners.
If you do not agree with the fact that your material is placed on this site, please, email us, we will within 1-2 business days delete him.