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«Edgar Elbakyan Edgar Elbakyan: Yerevan State University, Armenia. Email: elbakyan.edgar Abstract: The current research aims at proposing a ...»

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- Territorial component: Geographically Artsakh, Syunik and Nakhijevan comprise a single political-administrative unit, located above the North of the river Araks. The demographic changes made these regions disputed. Moreover, Azerbaijan partitioned the territory of KarabakhArtsakh itself putting Armenians in a „natural blockade“. Currently Artsakh shares border with other Armenian provinces, as well as with Iran. The border/line of cease-fire with Azerbaijan is shared only in the North (Mrov Range) and East. The curtailment of the bilateral border is a robust safeguard that neither Azerbaijan nor Armenia (including Artsakh) will attack each other.

Any territorial concession by the Armenian side (as provisioned by the Madrid principles) will International Journal of Social Sciences Vol. 3/No. 5/special issue/2014 provide an opportunity for Azerbaijanis to renew attacks. Besides, the Azernaijani side will regain the opportunity to make settlements in Karabakh to change its composition.

- Political and legal framework: Because of the colonial past neither Armenia nor Azerbaijan (the political unit of the Transcaucasian Turks) possessed the capability and opportunity to wage an independent national policy, including the resolution of the conflicts. The drawing of the national boundaries, as well as making the changes in the power ratio by foreign interference served as an obstacle for Armenia and Azerbaijan to determine the framework of their relations independently.

In contrary to the European countries, these two states were never given a chance during the history to create the own system of balance of power. In Europe the year of 1945 saw that change when after two World Wars, the former rival countries found an applicable military and demographic configuration to persist the peace. That configuration was made by changing the boundaries of the Aggressor States as well as expulsion of the German population to Germany and Austria. The identical configuration is reached through the Nagorno-Karabakh war with the Armenian population being expelled from Azerbaijan and the Azerbaijani population being displaced from the Armenian lands. Forcing the sides to accept the Madrid principles is identical to pushing them again to the year of 1918 or behind. The same approach can be applicable to the legal paradigm of the conflict. The Europe-made principle of territorial integrity has been designated to escape “the Hitler scenario” in the future and to establish a perpetual peace in the continent. However, when this principle was postulated (1945, UN Charter) and later became binding for Armenia and Azerbaijan (1992), the countries were deprived of their sovereignty under the Soviet Union. Besides, in 1921 the Kavburo had illegally annexed Karabakh to Azerbaijan. Thus, from this viewpoint the formal implementation of the principle of the territorial integrity, would create injustice rather than justice among the two nations.

As manifested above, the state of affairs after the Armenian-Azerbaijani Karabakh war is the only way to preserve the peace among the two countries. All of the historical models of the Armenian-Azerbaijani coexistence proved inefficient, entailing an imminent war, whereas since 1994 the two countries undergo a relatively peaceful model of interrelation. The Madrid principles are a new kind of foreign interferences which could disrupt the shaky balance between the sides and entail a new disaster.

References:

Abrahamian, H. (1989). Politika anglijskix zavoevatelej po otnošeniju k armjanam Arcaxa [(The policy of the English occupants towards the Armenians of Artsakh), in Russian]. Lraber Hasarakakan Gitutyunneri [(Herald of the Social Sciences), in Armenian], 7.

Babajanyan, A. (2013). Going back to the Madrid Principles. 168 hours. [online] Available at:

http://en.168.am/2013/11/20/750.html [Accessed 19 Sep. 2014].

Babayan, D. (2006). Problema vodnoj bezopasnosti Respubliki Armenija i Arcaxa v kontekste uregulirovanija Nagorno-Karabaxskogo konflikta [(The issue of the Water Security of The Republic of Armenia and Artsakh in the Context of the Regulation of the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict), in Russian]. Hayastani azatagrvac' tarac'ky ev Arcakhi himnakhndiry [(The Liberated Territory of Armenia and The Artsakh Issue), in Armenian].

International Journal of Social Sciences Vol. 3/No. 5/special issue/2014 Baberovski, I. (2004). Civilizatorskaja missija i nacionalizm v Zakavkaz'e: 1828—1914 [(The Civilizing Mission and the Nationalism in Transcaucasia), in Russian]. Novaja imperskaja istorija postsovetskogo prostranstva: Sbornik statej [(The New Imperial History of The Post-Soviet Territory: Digest of Articles), in Russian].

Barkhudaryan, M. (1895). Artsakh. Baku.

Bourne, K. and Watt, C. (n.d.). British Documents on Foreign Affairs: Reports and Papers From the Foreign Office Confidential Print, Russia 1905—1906. 3rd ed.

Brief History of Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh). (2013). Yerevan: "MIA" Publishers.

Croissant, M. (1998). The Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict: Causes and Implications.

Demoyan, H. (2006). Turcija i Karabaxskij konflikt v konce XX - načala XXI vekov [(Turkey and the Karabakh Conflict at the end of XX – beginning XXI cc), in Russian]. Yerevan.

Doklad pravitel'stvu. (1919) [(A Report to the Government), in Russian]. [Report] Central State Archive of October Revolution, AzSSR, 894 fund. Baku.

Elbakyan, E. (2012). Turkiayi Hanrapetutyuny ev Arcakhyan himnaharcy [(The Republic of Turkey and the Artsakh Issue), in Armenian]. Gitakan Hodvac'neri zhoghovac'u [(Digest of Scientific Articles), in Armenian], 3.

Əzizov, E. (2009). Difai. Bakı.

Galoyan, G. (2002). Te inchpes ein adrbejancinery c'ragrum "gnel Gharabaghi bolor hoghery" [(On how the Azerbaijanis planned to “buy all the lands of Karabakh”), in Armenian]. HH GAA Zekuycner [(Reports of NAS RA), in Armenian], 102(2).

Harutyunyan, H. (2013). Shushin arcakhyan goyapaykarum (1918-1920) [(Shushi in the Struggle for Existence of Artsakh), in Armenian]. Patma-banasirakan handes [(Historical-Philological Journal), in Armenian], 1.

Hovhannisian, R. (1971). The Republic of Armenia: Volume 1: 1918-1919. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press.

Karapetyan, B. (2004). Shushi. In: Gharabaghyan Azatagrakan Paterazm 1988-1994 [(Karabakh Liberation War 1988-1994), in Armenian], Yerevan: Armenian Encyclopedia Publishing.

Kocharyan, V. (2002). Mijazgayin iravunk [(International Law), in Armenian]. Yerevan: Yerevan State University.

Mehmet, G. (1990). Atatürk ve Türkiye'nin dış politikası (1919-1938) [(Ataturk and The Foreign Policy of Turkey), in Turkish]. Ankara.

–  –  –

Melik-Shahnazaryan, L. and Khachatryan, A. (2007). Ètnopolitika Azerbajdžana [(The Ethnopolicy of Azerbaijan), in Russian]. Yerevan: De-Facto.

Mirza-Bala, M. (1938). Millı Azerbaycan hareketi [(The National Movement of Azerbaijan), in Turkish].

Berlin: Fırka divanı.

Musayev, İ. (2002). Xosrov bəy Sultanov Dağlıq Qarabağ münaqişəsinin həlli haqqında [(Khosrov bey Sultanov on the Regulation of the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict), in Azerbaijani]. "Qarabağ dünən, bu gün və sabah" l-ci Ümumrespublika elmi-əməli konfransı Tezislər [(“Karabakh: the past, present and future” Reports of the 1st Pan-Republic scientific workshop), in Azerbaijani], 1.

Nagornyj Karabax v 1918-1923: Sbornik dokumentov i materialov [(Nagorno-Karabakh in 1918-1923:

Digest of Documents and Materials), in Russian]. (1992). Yerevan: NAS RA.

Nəbibəyli, Z. (2011). Sultan bəy və Xosrov bəy qardaşları [(Brothers Sultan bey and Khosrov bey), in Azerbaijani]. Bakı: Nurlar.

Nersisyan, M., Harutyunyan, A. and Muradyan, D. (2014). Materialy o generale Andranike [(Materials about General Andranik), in Russian]. Patma-banasirakan hands [(Historical-Philological Journal), in Armenian], 4.

Paşayev, A. (2006). Zaqafqaziya Seyminin müsəlman fraksiyası və Azərbaycan Milli Şurasının protokolları 1918 - ci il [(The Protocols of The Muslic Faction of the Transcaucasian Seim and National Council of Azerbaijan), in Azerbaijani]. Bakı: Adiloğlu nəşriyattı.

Shnirelman, V. (2003). Vojny pamjati. mify, identičnost' i politika v Zakavkaz'e [(Memory Wars: Myths, Identity and Politics in Transcaucasia), in Russian]. Moscow.

Simonyan, H. (1996). Andraniki Zhamanaky [(The Times of Andranik), in Armenian]: Volume II.

Yerevan: Kaisa.

Villari, L. (1906). Fire and Sword in the Caucasus. London: T.F. Unwin.

Vratsyan, S. (1993). Hayastani Hanrapetutyun [(The Republic of Armenia), in Armenian]. Yerevan.



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