«Edgar Elbakyan Edgar Elbakyan: Yerevan State University, Armenia. Email: elbakyan.edgar Abstract: The current research aims at proposing a ...»
- Territorial component: Geographically Artsakh, Syunik and Nakhijevan comprise a single political-administrative unit, located above the North of the river Araks. The demographic changes made these regions disputed. Moreover, Azerbaijan partitioned the territory of KarabakhArtsakh itself putting Armenians in a „natural blockade“. Currently Artsakh shares border with other Armenian provinces, as well as with Iran. The border/line of cease-fire with Azerbaijan is shared only in the North (Mrov Range) and East. The curtailment of the bilateral border is a robust safeguard that neither Azerbaijan nor Armenia (including Artsakh) will attack each other.
Any territorial concession by the Armenian side (as provisioned by the Madrid principles) will International Journal of Social Sciences Vol. 3/No. 5/special issue/2014 provide an opportunity for Azerbaijanis to renew attacks. Besides, the Azernaijani side will regain the opportunity to make settlements in Karabakh to change its composition.
- Political and legal framework: Because of the colonial past neither Armenia nor Azerbaijan (the political unit of the Transcaucasian Turks) possessed the capability and opportunity to wage an independent national policy, including the resolution of the conflicts. The drawing of the national boundaries, as well as making the changes in the power ratio by foreign interference served as an obstacle for Armenia and Azerbaijan to determine the framework of their relations independently.
In contrary to the European countries, these two states were never given a chance during the history to create the own system of balance of power. In Europe the year of 1945 saw that change when after two World Wars, the former rival countries found an applicable military and demographic configuration to persist the peace. That configuration was made by changing the boundaries of the Aggressor States as well as expulsion of the German population to Germany and Austria. The identical configuration is reached through the Nagorno-Karabakh war with the Armenian population being expelled from Azerbaijan and the Azerbaijani population being displaced from the Armenian lands. Forcing the sides to accept the Madrid principles is identical to pushing them again to the year of 1918 or behind. The same approach can be applicable to the legal paradigm of the conflict. The Europe-made principle of territorial integrity has been designated to escape “the Hitler scenario” in the future and to establish a perpetual peace in the continent. However, when this principle was postulated (1945, UN Charter) and later became binding for Armenia and Azerbaijan (1992), the countries were deprived of their sovereignty under the Soviet Union. Besides, in 1921 the Kavburo had illegally annexed Karabakh to Azerbaijan. Thus, from this viewpoint the formal implementation of the principle of the territorial integrity, would create injustice rather than justice among the two nations.
As manifested above, the state of affairs after the Armenian-Azerbaijani Karabakh war is the only way to preserve the peace among the two countries. All of the historical models of the Armenian-Azerbaijani coexistence proved inefficient, entailing an imminent war, whereas since 1994 the two countries undergo a relatively peaceful model of interrelation. The Madrid principles are a new kind of foreign interferences which could disrupt the shaky balance between the sides and entail a new disaster.
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